Infants that are especially fussy and have trouble eating or sleeping may have pediatric GERD (or acid reflux). Because infants are nonverbal, diagnosing reflux is especially difficult. Parents or caregivers must pay special attention to the sleeping and eating habits of the child and communicate them to a physician.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs in up to 50% of pregnant women. As in the non-pregnant patients, reflux occurs when there is a decrease in lower esophageal sphincter pressure or an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. The two major factors that promote gastroesophageal reflux in pregnant women are changes in hormones and the growing fetus.…