A barium swallow radiograph is a diagnostic tool used to diagnose GERD. The test identifies structural damage to the esophagus including stricture, active ulcer craters, hiatal hernia, erosion, or other abnormalities that may indicate acid reflux disease. The patient swallows a solution that contains barium then x-rays are taken of the esophagus.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs in up to 50% of pregnant women. As in the non-pregnant patients, reflux occurs when there is a decrease in lower esophageal sphincter pressure or an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. The two major factors that promote gastroesophageal reflux in pregnant women are changes in hormones and the growing fetus.…