A barium swallow radiograph is a diagnostic tool used to diagnose GERD. The test identifies structural damage to the esophagus including stricture, active ulcer craters, hiatal hernia, erosion, or other abnormalities that may indicate acid reflux disease. The patient swallows a solution that contains barium then x-rays are taken of the esophagus.
I have been asked many times by parents to define aspiration in reference to GERD and how to prevent it. Aspiration occurs in 10-20% of patients with GERD and is the inhalation of stomach contents into the respiratory symptoms. The lumen of the right main broncus of the lung is most likely to be where aspirated contents wind up because it is…