The upper endoscopy is a test used to diagnose GERD and determine its severity and progress. The upper endoscopy is more accurate than a barium swallow radiograph, but more invasive and expensive. The test itself uses a camera that allows the physician to view the surface of the esophagus and detect abnormalities.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs in up to 50% of pregnant women. As in the non-pregnant patients, reflux occurs when there is a decrease in lower esophageal sphincter pressure or an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. The two major factors that promote gastroesophageal reflux in pregnant women are changes in hormones and the growing fetus.…