Alternative Names Hernia - hiatal Symptoms Chest pain Heartburn , worse when bending over or lying down Swallowing difficulty A hiatal hernia by itself rarely causes symptoms -- pain and discomfort are usually due to the reflux of gastric acid, air, or bile. Reflux happens more easily when there is a hiatal hernia, although a hiatal hernia is not the only cause of reflux. Signs and tests Barium swallow x-ray Esophagogastroduodenoscopy ( EGD )
Alternative Names Femorocele; Enteromerocele; Crural hernia Symptoms You may see a bulge in the upper thigh next to the groin. Most femoral hernias cause no symptoms. There may be some groin discomfort that is worse when you stand, lift heavy objects, or strain. Sometimes, the first symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. This may mean that the intestine is blocked, which is an emergency. Signs and tests The best way to tell if there is a hernia is to have your health care provider perform a physical exam. If there is any doubt about the exam findings, an ultrasound or CT scan may be helpful.
A hernia occurs when part of an internal organ, most often the intestines, protrudes through an abnormal opening or weakening in the wall surrounding a body cavity. Hernias can occur in many parts of the body, but are most common in the abdominal wall. The abdominal wall is made up of flat sheets of muscle that encase the abdominal organs: the stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys and reproductive organs. There are five (5) main types of abdominal hernias: (1) Inguinal hernia : a bulge in the groin, (2) Femoral hernia : a bulge in the groin that appears slightly lower than an inguinal hernia , (3) Epigastric (Ventral) hernia: a bulge that appears between the navel and the breastbone, (4) Umbilical (newborn-related) and paraumbilical hernia: a bulge in the navel area, and (5) Incisional hernia: a bulge in the stomach and navel area that is usually caused by prior surgical incision in the area. A hernia is called reducible if the bulge can be manipulated back into place inside the abdomen. It is...
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