Full Question: I had an MRI early last week and received a call from my doctor today with the results. Since I was on my way to work at the time, I wasn't able to write down the exact phrase he used. What he told me surprised me - he said everything looked normal, but that the MRI showed a small hernia at the back of my brain that was putting pressure on my spinal cord. I'm planning to make an appointment with a neurosurgeon as soon as the weekend is over. I was hoping for any insight you could offer as to what I might expect from this process, as well as information on what might've caused the hernia (my doctor didn't mention anything as a cause for it). Christy. Answer: Dear Christy; Your physician may be referring to something called an Arnold-Chiari malformation. These can be associated with headaches or not at all. Causes included being born with it or trauma, as in brain injury. I've seen a number of case who had surgery and still had the head...
Hernia - inguinal; Inguinal hernia; Rupture; Strangulation; Incarceration
Most often there are no symptoms. However, sometimes there may be discomfort or pain. The discomfort may be worse when you stand, strain, or lift heavy objects.
Although a hernia may only cause mild discomfort, it may get bigger and strangulate. This means that the tissue is stuck inside the hole and its blood supply has been cut off. If this occurs, you will need urgent surgery.
Signs and tests
A doctor can confirm the presence of a hernia during a physical exam. The mass may increase in size when coughing, bending, lifting, or straining.
The hernia (bulge) may not be obvious in infants and children, except when the child is crying or coughing. In some cases, an ultrasound may be needed to look for a hernia.
A hernia occurs when part of an internal organ, most often the intestines, protrudes through an abnormal opening or weakening in the wall surrounding a body cavity. Hernias can occur in many parts of the body, but are most common in the abdominal wall. The abdominal wall is made up of flat sheets of muscle that encase the abdominal organs: the stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys and reproductive organs. There are five (5) main types of abdominal hernias: (1) Inguinal hernia : a bulge in the groin, (2) Femoral hernia : a bulge in the groin that appears slightly lower than an inguinal hernia , (3) Epigastric (Ventral) hernia: a bulge that appears between the navel and the breastbone, (4) Umbilical (newborn-related) and paraumbilical hernia: a bulge in the navel area, and (5) Incisional hernia: a bulge in the stomach and navel area that is usually caused by prior surgical incision in the area. A hernia is called reducible if the bulge can be manipulated back into place inside the abdomen. It is...
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