Definition Esophageal spasms are abnormal contractions of the muscles in the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach). These spasms do not move food effectively to the stomach. Alternative Names Diffuse esophageal spasm; Spasm of the esophagus Causes, incidence, and risk factors The cause of esophageal spasm is unknown. Very hot or very cold foods may trigger an episode in some people.
Vascular spasms temporary limit blood flow to tissue supplied by that vessel. The most common symptom is pain. Other symptoms are caused by lack of proper circulation and will vary depending on the specific organ affected:
When the spasm affects circulation in a limb, there may be pallor and a sensation of cold in that arm or leg. Limb function and movement will be impaired.
When the spasm affects circulation in the heart, there may be symptoms similar to a heart attack and irregular heartbeats. Other names for chest pain resulting from vascular spasm are Prinzmetal's angina and variant angina.
Signs and tests
These vary depending on the affected organ.
Dear Dr. Motola,
I'm experiencing coccyx pain 4 to 9 weeks after radical prostatectomy and it
is very debilitating. Is this a reported problem with some patients after such
Histopathology indicated that cancer
is specimen confined and MRI, CT and total body bone scan do not reveal any
extraprostatic disease nor metastatic involvement of skeleton. Lymph nodes and
seminal vesicles are not involved.
Is it possible that pelvic floor exercises are causing the problem due to
pull of muscles attached to coccyx or muscle(s) in spasm. Or is likely to be a
problem from the operation which should settle down with time?
The pain that you are experiencing is
most likely related to the healing process from the prior surgery . The
pathology report demonstrates localized disease and the pain is not related to
the primary disease.
The pubococcygeus muscle is the muscle
that you are contracting with the pelvic floor exercises, and although not well
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