Bloody stools often are a sign of an injury or disorder in the digestive tract. Your doctor may use the term "melena" to describe black, tarry, and foul-smelling stools or "hematochezia" to describe red- or maroon-colored stools.
Stools - bloody; Hematochezia; Melena; Stools - black or tarry
Blood in the stool may come from anywhere along your digestive tract, from mouth to anus. It may be present in such small amounts that you cannot actually see it, and it is only detectable by a fecal occult blood test.
When there is enough blood to change the appearance of your stools, the doctor will want to know the exact color to help find the site of bleeding. To make a diagnosis, your doctor may use endoscopy or special x-ray studies.
Black stool usually means that the blood is coming from the upper part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. This includes the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small i...
Stool occult blood test - flushable home test; Fecal occult blood test - flushable home test
A negative result is normal.
Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.
What abnormal results mean
Abnormal results of the flushable test may indicate the following problems (which are the same as with the guaiac smear test ):
Angiodysplasia of the GI tract
or other GI (gastrointestinal) tumors
and portal hypertensive gastropathy
GI trauma or bleeding from recent GI surgery
Inflammatory bowel disease
Additional causes of a positive test, which do not indicate a problem in the ...
The stool guaiac test finds hidden (occult) blood in the stool (bowel movement), even when you cannot see the blood yourself.
It is the most common form of fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in use today.
Guaiac smear test; Fecal occult blood test - guaiac smear; Stool occult blood test - guaiac smear
How the test is performed
In the most common way of doing a stool guaiac test, a small sample of stool is placed on a paper card and a drop or two of testing solution is added. A color change is a sign of blood in the stool.
If the test is performed in an office or hospital, a doctor may collect a small amount of stool during a rectal examination.
If the test is performed at home:
You will need to collect a stool sample from three bowel movements, one right after the other.
You will then smear a small amount of stool on a card, and mail it to a laboratory for testing.
There are many ways to collect the sam...
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