An ectopic pregnancy is an abnormal pregnancy that occurs outside the womb (uterus). The baby (fetus) cannot survive, and often does not develop at all in this type of pregnancy.
Tubal pregnancy; Cervical pregnancy; Abdominal pregnancy
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a pregnancy starts outside the womb (uterus). The most common site for an ectopic pregnancy is within one of the tubes through which the egg passes from the ovary to the uterus (fallopian tube). However, in rare cases, ectopic pregnancies can occur in the ovary, stomach area, or cervix .
An ectopic pregnancy is often caused by a condition that blocks or slows the movement of a fertilized egg through the fallopian tube to the uterus. This may be caused by a physical blockage in the tube by hormonal factors and by other factors, such as smoking.
Most cases of scarring are caused by:
Past ectopic pregnancy
Home pregnancy tests have become commonplace. A woman can find out if she is pregnant within minutes and anytime of the day or night. Some tests boast they can detect a pregnancy the first day of a missed period. But how accurate are these tests? Can you really know if you are pregnant the day you should have gotten your period? Two Types of Pregnancy Tests There are two basic types of pregnancy tests: blood tests and urine tests. Both tests determine pregnancy by detecting the presence of human chonrionic gonadotrophin (hCG), the hormone that is present in a woman only after an embryo attaches itself to the uterine wall. Once this happens, hCG levels rise quickly and continue to rise each day. Blood tests must be completed by a doctor and are typically more accurate than urine tests. Blood tests can normally detect pregnancy as early as six to eight days after ovulation. This is because blood tests can detect a very small amount of hCG. A quantitative blood test will measure th...
Information Prior to modern medicine, many mothers and their babies did not survive pregnancy and the birth process. Today, good prenatal care can significantly improve the quality of the pregnancy and the outcome for the infant and mother. Good prenatal care includes: Good nutrition and health habits before and during pregnancy Frequent prenatal examinations Routine ultrasounds to detect problems with the baby Routine screening for:
Blood pressure problems Blood type problems (Rh and ABO) Diabetes Genetic disorders, if a family history or the age of the mother presents a high risk Rubella immunity Sexually transmitted infections Urine protein Women who plan to continue a pregnancy to term need to choose a health care provider who will provide prenatal care, delivery, and postpartum services. Provider choices in most communities include: Doctors specializing in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) Certified nurse midwives (CNMs) Family medicine physicians Family nurse practitioners (FNPs) or physician...
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