Ovarian mass; Adnexal mass
There are many causes for growths on the ovary. Your age and medical history are important in evaluating an ovarian growth.
Prior to menopause, the ovary forms a fluid filled sac (ovarian cyst) every month as a normal part of the process of releasing an egg. There are other reasons the ovary can form a cyst;most of these are not worrisome. If a cyst is large (over 5 centimeters), or doesn't go away after a few months, then you may need to have it further evaluated or removed. See ovarian cysts .
All ovarian growths that are not simple fluid filled sacs --they are complex or solid -- should be investigated by your doctor regardless of age.
NYT: Early Symptoms for Ovarian Cancer Women who have these symptoms for a few weeks--bloating, pelvic pain, difficulty eating, and frequent, urgent need to urinate--should see their doctors and be checked for ovarian cancer. This is the first official recognition that ovarian cancer does cause symptoms at early stages. Ovarian cancer is among the most deadliest cancer, with over 22,430 new cases diagnosed and more than 15,000 deaths expected this year.
The ovaries are located in the pelvis, one each side of the uterus. Each of these female reproductive organs is the size and shape of an almond. During each monthly menstrual cycle, one ovary releases an egg. The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Most ovarian cancers are epithelial, originating in the lining tissues of the ovary. Rarer forms of ovarian cancer occur in the stroma, the connective tissue that supports the ovary, and in the germ cells, those that form the egg. The cause of ovarian cancer is unknown. Among women in the U.S., cancer of the ovary is the fourth most common cancer and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer. The incidence of ovarian cancer increases steadily with age, with most cases found in women 55 to 75 years of age. It occurs with equal frequency in each of the two ovaries. Early detection of ovarian cancer is difficult because cancer that is limited to the ovary usually does not cause symptoms. An ovarian tumor can grow for som...
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