Ovarian mass; Adnexal mass
There are many causes for growths on the ovary. Your age and medical history are important in evaluating an ovarian growth.
Prior to menopause, the ovary forms a fluid filled sac (ovarian cyst) every month as a normal part of the process of releasing an egg. There are other reasons the ovary can form a cyst;most of these are not worrisome. If a cyst is large (over 5 centimeters), or doesn't go away after a few months, then you may need to have it further evaluated or removed. See ovarian cysts .
All ovarian growths that are not simple fluid filled sacs --they are complex or solid -- should be investigated by your doctor regardless of age.
An article on CNN, " Possible Marker for Ovarian Cancer Found ," discusses a recent research study offering hope for more effective and new screening and treatment options for ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women in the United States according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Currently, screening for ovarian cancer is difficult. A blood test, called CA 125, can be used but is more accurate in post-menopausal women and is more often used to determine to progression of cancer and tumor growth rather than for detecting if ovarian cancer is present. Another test, currently in clinical trials but not yet available to the public, shows promise in screening for ovarian cancer by testing for the amount of lysophospatidic acid in blood plasma. Additional clinical trials are needed to determine if this will be an accurate screening for early detection. Without accurate screening t...
The ovaries are located in the pelvis, one each side of the uterus. Each of these female reproductive organs is the size and shape of an almond. During each monthly menstrual cycle, one ovary releases an egg. The egg travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Most ovarian cancers are epithelial, originating in the lining tissues of the ovary. Rarer forms of ovarian cancer occur in the stroma, the connective tissue that supports the ovary, and in the germ cells, those that form the egg. The cause of ovarian cancer is unknown. Among women in the U.S., cancer of the ovary is the fourth most common cancer and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer. The incidence of ovarian cancer increases steadily with age, with most cases found in women 55 to 75 years of age. It occurs with equal frequency in each of the two ovaries. Early detection of ovarian cancer is difficult because cancer that is limited to the ovary usually does not cause symptoms. An ovarian tumor can grow for som...
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