A hernia is usually a sac formed by the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). The sac comes through a hole or weak area in the fascia, the strong layer of the abdominal wall that surrounds the muscle.
The types of hernias are based on where they occur:
appears as a bulge in the upper thigh. This type is more common in women than men.
occurs in the upper part of the stomach.
Incisional hernia can occur through a scar if you have had abdominal surgery in the past.
Inguinal hernia appears as a bulge in the groin. This type is more common in men than women. The bulge may go all the way down into the scrotum.
appears as a bulge around the belly button. It occurs when the muscle around the navel doesn't close completely.
Hernia - inguinal; Inguinal hernia; Rupture; Strangulation; Incarceration
Causes, incidence, and ...
A hernia occurs when part of an internal organ, most often the intestines, protrudes through an abnormal opening or weakening in the wall surrounding a body cavity. Hernias can occur in many parts of the body, but are most common in the abdominal wall. The abdominal wall is made up of flat sheets of muscle that encase the abdominal organs: the stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys and reproductive organs. There are five (5) main types of abdominal hernias: (1) Inguinal hernia : a bulge in the groin, (2) Femoral hernia : a bulge in the groin that appears slightly lower than an inguinal hernia , (3) Epigastric (Ventral) hernia: a bulge that appears between the navel and the breastbone, (4) Umbilical (newborn-related) and paraumbilical hernia: a bulge in the navel area, and (5) Incisional hernia: a bulge in the stomach and navel area that is usually caused by prior surgical incision in the area. A hernia is called reducible if the bulge can be manipulated back into place inside the abdomen. It is...
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