Definition Barrett's esophagus is a disorder in which the lining of the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach) is damaged by stomach acid. See also: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Causes, incidence, and risk factors When you eat, food passes from the throat to the stomach through the esophagus (also called the food pipe or swallowing tube). Once food is in the stomach, a ring of muscles keeps it from leaking backward into the esophagus. If these muscles do not close tightly, stomach acid can leak back into the esophagus. This is called reflux or gastroesophageal reflux. This reflux may cause symptoms of heartburn . It may also damage the lining of the esophagus, which is referred to as Barrett's esophagus. Barrett's esophagus occurs more often in men than women. You are more likely to have this condition if you have had GERD for a long time. Patients with Barrett's esophagus may develop more changes in the esophagus called dysplasia. When dysplasia is pre...
Introduction Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which acids from the stomach flow back up into the esophagus (an action called reflux ). Reflux occurs if the muscular actions of the lower esophagus or other protective mechanisms fail.
Click the icon to see an animation about heartburn. The hallmark symptoms of GERD are: Heartburn : a burning sensation in the chest and throat. Regurgitation : a sensation of acid backed up in the esophagus. Although acid is a primary factor in damage caused by GERD, other products of the digestive tract, including pepsin and bile, can also be harmful. Heartburn is a condition in which the acidic stomach contents back up into the esophagus, causing pain in the chest area. This reflux usually occurs because the sphincter muscle between the esophagus and stomach is weakened. Remaining upright by standing or sitting up after eating a meal can help reduce the reflux that causes heartburn. Continuous irritation of the esophagus lining, as in sev...
Hairy leukoplakia; Smoker's keratosis
The goal of treatment is to get rid of the lesion. Removing the source of irritation is important and may cause the lesion to disappear.
Treat dental causes such as rough teeth, irregular denture surface, or fillings as soon as possible.
Stop smoking or using other tobacco products.
Do not drink alcohol.
You may need surgery to remove the lesion. The lesion is usually removed in your health care provider's office using local anesthesia.
Leukoplakia on the vulva is treated in the same way as oral lesions.
Leukoplakia is usually harmless. Lesions often clear up in a few weeks or months after the source of irritation is removed.
Oral hairy leukoplakia is often a sign of HIV infection and an increased likelihood of developing AIDS , but it is not harmful by itself.
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