Look at your foot and ankle, without them you would not be able to walk to the store, dance to your favorite tune or drive a car. The foot and ankle are at times our only contact point with the earth and the things we do on earth. If something goes wrong with these important body parts, your whole world can fall apart.
Notice how complicated your foot is from heel to toes. Each foot has 28 bones and 30 joints ; now that is one complicated piece of equipment! Just above your foot is the ankle joint where the shinbone (tibia) rests on top of the talus (the uppermost foot bone). Because of the complicated anatomy and high degree of stress on the foot and ankle complex, this area has a frequent amount of over-diagnosed, under-diagnosed, and misdiagnosed conditions. You and your doctor need to understand that certain conditions can masquerade as others. Falling into a trap of an imposter can give you a never-ending cycle of unhappy feet.
Plantar Fasciitis is an over-diagnosed ...
Left heart catheterization is the passage of a thin flexible tube (catheter) into the left side of the heart to diagnose or treat certain heart problems.
Catheterization - left heart
How the test is performed
You may be given a mild sedative before the procedure starts. The health care provider will place an IV into your arm so that you can receive medication during the procedure.
You will lie on a padded table. Your doctor will make a small surgical cut on your body, usually near the groin. Then your doctor will insert a flexible tube (catheter) through the cut into an artery. Sometimes the catheter will be placed in your arm or wrist. You will be awake during the procedure.
The doctor will use live x-ray pictures to carefully guide the catheter up into your heart and arteries. Dye will be injected into your body to highlight blood flow through the arteries. This helps the doctors see any blockages in the blood vess...
There are more than 400,000 tobacco-related deaths annually in the U.S. Health statistics estimate about 3,000 teenagers try and then regularly smoke cigarettes on a daily basis. It's been well documented that passive exposure to tobacco smoke increases the risk of asthma attacks , chronic bronchitis , emphysema , lung cancer , upper-respiratory tract and ear infections.
For years, doctors have addressed the different types of smoke exposure reporting on two main categories:
Active smoke : a person that actively smokes tobacco (cigarette or pipe)
Second-hand smoke : a person that breathes in side-stream smoke from the burning end of a cigarette or inhales the exhaled smoke from someone actively smoking.
Allergists and other asthma specialists have championed the cause for smoking cessation and the establishment of smoke free homes, cars and workplaces. The importance of completely banning smoke at all times in indoor environments was realized after research on Third-han...
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