Look at your foot and ankle, without them you would not be able to walk to the store, dance to your favorite tune or drive a car. The foot and ankle are at times our only contact point with the earth and the things we do on earth. If something goes wrong with these important body parts, your whole world can fall apart.
Notice how complicated your foot is from heel to toes. Each foot has 28 bones and 30 joints ; now that is one complicated piece of equipment! Just above your foot is the ankle joint where the shinbone (tibia) rests on top of the talus (the uppermost foot bone). Because of the complicated anatomy and high degree of stress on the foot and ankle complex, this area has a frequent amount of over-diagnosed, under-diagnosed, and misdiagnosed conditions. You and your doctor need to understand that certain conditions can masquerade as others. Falling into a trap of an imposter can give you a never-ending cycle of unhappy feet.
Plantar Fasciitis is an over-diagnosed ...
You’ve developed a strange little numbness and tingling in the fingers of your left hand. It doesn’t really hurt, but it’s just.... odd. Maybe the tingling goes away on its own and you don’t think about it again. Or maybe it sticks around and even starts to slowly grow so that now your forearm is numb, too. Do you call the doctor? For some tingling fingers.... There are many possible causes of numb fingers. Let’s assume that you didn’t just break your fingers; because if you had, you’d be in the emergency room seeking medical attention. The numbness could be caused by (but less frequently) frostbite, leprosy, or rare genetic disorders, such as Haim-Munk syndrome or hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies . Do you have diabetes? Pernicious anemia? Hypothyroidism? Peripheral vascular disease? Lupus? Raynaud’s syndrome? Guillaine-Barre syndrome? Cervi...
Left heart catheterization is the passage of a thin flexible tube (catheter) into the left side of the heart to diagnose or treat certain heart problems.
Catheterization - left heart
How the test is performed
You may be given a mild sedative before the procedure starts. The health care provider will place an IV into your arm so that you can receive medication during the procedure.
You will lie on a padded table. Your doctor will make a small surgical cut on your body, usually near the groin. Then your doctor will insert a flexible tube (catheter) through the cut into an artery. Sometimes the catheter will be placed in your arm or wrist. You will be awake during the procedure.
The doctor will use live x-ray pictures to carefully guide the catheter up into your heart and arteries. Dye will be injected into your body to highlight blood flow through the arteries. This helps the doctors see any blockages in the blood vess...
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