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Definition Cancer of the throat is cancer of the vocal cords, voice box (larynx), or other areas of the throat. Alternative Names Vocal cord cancer; Throat cancer; Laryngeal cancer; Cancer of the glottis Causes, incidence, and risk factors People who smoke or use tobacco are at risk of developing throat cancer. Excessive alcohol use also increases risk. Smoking and drinking alcohol combined lead to an increased risk for throat cancers. Most cancers of the throat develop in adults older than 50. Men are 10 times more likely than women to develop throat cancers.
Chemotherapy can cause sores in your mouth and throat. These sores can become infected by yeast, bacteria, or viruses in your mouth. Chemotherapy medications can also make mouth tissues dry or irritated and cause them to bleed. Sores and dry mouth tissue can make eating painful. Even your favorite foods may irritate your mouth.
If you have mouth sores, ask you doctor for a medication to apply directly on the sores; don't use over-the-counter applications unless you check first with your doctor. Use lip balm if your lips are dry. And if your mouth is very dry, ask your doctor about using artificial saliva products. Learn more about the causes of a sore mouth and throat and medicines that can help.
What to do if you have a sore mouth or throat:
Eat soft, bland, creamy foods high in calories and protein, such as cream-based soups, cheeses, yogurt, milkshakes, pudding, ice cream, or commercial liquid protein supplements. If you're only able to eat a little without pain, eating higher-ca...
Article updated and reviewed by Kevin Knopf, MD, MPH; Director of Clinical Research, Annapolis Oncology Center and Associate Staff, Johns Hopkins Oncology Center on July 22, 2005. lung cancer . Lung cancer is either small cell (see below) or non-small cell depending on the size of the cells under the microscope. What Is Cancer ? Normally, body cells divide and reproduce in an orderly manner, so that people replace worn-out tissue and repair any injuries. Sometimes, however, cells divide without control and form masses known as tumors. Tumors may invade or destroy normal tissue, interfere with body functions, and require removal by surgery. Benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Cancerous or malignant tumors do spread to other parts of the body. By a process known as metastasis , cells break away from the original malignant tumor and spread through the lymph and blood systems to form more malignant tumors elsewhere in the body. This spread can occur rapidly or over a period of...
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