Tongue tie is a condition in which the bottom of the tongue is attached to the floor of the mouth by a band of tissue called the lingual frenulum.
This connection restricts the free movement (range of motion) of the tongue's tip.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The exact cause of tongue tie is not known.
Genes may be involved, because tongue tie is reported more often in some families.
Definition Geographic tongue is a map-like appearance of your tongue due to irregular patches on its surface. Alternative Names Patches on the tongue; Tongue - patchy; Benign migratory glossitis; Glossitis - benign migratory Causes, incidence, and risk factors The specific cause of geographic tongue is unknown, although vitamin B deficiency may be involved. Other causes may include irritation from hot or spicy foods, or alcohol. The condition appears to be less common in smokers. The pattern on the surface of the tongue may change very rapidly. This pattern change occurs when there is a loss of the tiny, finger-like projections, called papillae, on the tongue's surface. This makes areas of the tongue flat. These areas are said to be "denuded." Denuded areas may persist for more than a month.
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