For the past several years, cardiologists have been beating the drum for lower blood pressure. We have all seen the studies and/or articles that have challenged the notion that the old cut-off of 140/90mmHg is too high for diagnosing high blood pressure. The medical community even went so far as to coin the new term "pre-hypertension" to describe individuals with a blood pressure over 120/80mmHg. Now, a review of data from an old study could change a few minds - there may a limit to the "lower is better" thinking - at least when it comes to blood pressure.
Researchers recently reviewed blood pressure data from the 2005 Treating to New Targets (TNT) study which, interestingly enough, was designed to determine if the "lower is better" philosophy applied to lowering LDL cholesterol. What they found was intriguing. As participants lowered their blood pressure they did indeed decrease their risk of cardiovascular death - but only up to a point.&nb...
When someone sneezes we usually say, “Bless you” but when you hear a bellowing cough your instincts are to run away. The suffering cougher goes unblessed and often feels isolated as people flee for cover hoping not to inhale any aerosolized infectious particles. Such defense mechanisms are not looked down upon in today’s era of germ avoidance, but what defense does the cougher have against the seemingly never ending cough?
The role and effectiveness of cough suppressants will be a topic to revisit on another day. More importantly, the cause of prolonged coughing should be identified. Let’s first discuss the difference between acute and chronic cough.
An acute cough generally goes away within three to four weeks for a child and within eight weeks for an adult. There are many causes of acute cough but the most common one is the common cold. Other causes include sinus infections, flu syndrome, other upper respiratory infections and ear i...
I have been
experiencing a lot of acid reflux of late. I think it might have something
to do with the fact that I've been smoking more lately. Is this true?
There are many reasons to not smoke, and one of the reasons is that it can
definitely cause or worsen symptoms of esophageal reflux disease . First
off, tobacco inhibits saliva, which is a significant buffer that the body
has against acid. Secondly, studies have shown that tobacco can stimulate
the production of stomach acid production. Lastly, and most significantly,
tobacco causes a relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter muscle,
thereby allowing acid reflux from the stomach to the esophagus to occur.
I wake up
every morning coughing. I have been to my internal medicine doctor, an ear
nose and throat doctor and pulmonologist and have not gotten better. A
friend told me that they had a cough that was related to reflux. How can I
tell if that is the ca...
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