Heartburn, also known as gastric reflux or indigestion, happens after you eat and food is in your stomach. In the stomach, food is broken down by acids. Usually these acids stay in your stomach because a valve blocks the acids from going up the esophagus. Sometimes this valve doesn't work properly because the muscle weakens. When this happens, gastric acids can travel up the esophagus and cause a burning sensation -- this is heartburn. When these acids travel up into the mouth and then down into the lungs, they can cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Symptoms of heartburn and GERD include:
irritating burning sensation in the chest or throat
middle back pain
bitter, acidic taste in the mouth
an increase in the burning sensation while lying down
Breast cancer treatments that can cause heartburn and GERD are:
Tykerb (chemical name: lapatinib), a targeted therapy
Bisphosphonates, medicines that are used to protect bones during breast cancer treat...
When looking into reflux symptoms one of the relatively new things for doctors to consider is eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). While considered rare, it’s becoming more commonly diagnosed. In fact, the American Partnership for Eosinophilic Disorders states that the current belief is that it is found in more than 1 in 2000 people and diagnosis has increased dramatically over the past 10 years.
Eosinophils are white blood cells . White blood cells are important to help us fight infection. Eosinophils are specifically important for fighting off infection and may also be increased during allergies.
The symptoms of EoE are similar to those of reflux and may include: reflux that doesn’t respond to medication, difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), nausea and/or vomiting, stomach pain, poor appetite and/or difficulty sleeping.
A doctor may decide to test for EoE if the patient has the above symptoms, or the doctor may find EE during a endoscopy scheduled for...
This is a condition resulting from motility disorders of the esophagus ranging from absent peristalsis to hyperperistalsis and spasm. Diffuse esophageal spasm typically causes substernal chest pain in association with difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia) of both liquids and solids. The pain may be severe and may awaken the patient from sleep. Liquids that are very hot or cold may aggravate the pain. With time, this disorder may evolve into achalasia (failure to relax smooth muscle fibers of the gastrointestinal tract). There may be reflux of recently swallowed food. Combinations of all of these with abnormal lower or upper esophageal sphincter function complete the clinical picture. Esophageal spasm may also produce a severe pain in the absence of dysphagia that is indistinguishable from angina pectoris . This pain is often described as a substernal squeezing pain and may occur in association with exercise. A specific cause is seldom found, but there may be associated reflux esophagitis (i...
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