Inflammation - esophagus
The infection or irritation may cause the esophagus to become inflamed. Ulcers may form. Symptoms may include:
Heartburn (acid reflux)
Signs and tests
The doctor may perform the following tests:
Upper GI series
(barium swallow x-ray)
Removal of a piece of tissue from the esophagus for examination ( biopsy)
While April is celebrated as National Humor Month, it is also National Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month. On a serious note, esophageal cancer results in more than 15,000 deaths each year according to the National Cancer Institute. Because this type of cancer is uncommon, two faculty physicians from the Digestive Health Center at Keck Medicine of University of Southern California (USC) in Los Angeles, and members of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA), with extensive experience treating this disease review the warning signs and behavioral risks of esophageal cancer.
What is esophageal cancer?
Your esophagus is the muscular organ that moves food from your mouth to your stomach. And like many other parts of your body, it can become cancerous. There are two kinds of esophageal cancer. While squamous cell cancer is the most common esophageal cancer in the world, adenocarcinoma is the most common form of the disease in the United States. But while most cancers i...
This is a condition resulting from motility disorders of the esophagus ranging from absent peristalsis to hyperperistalsis and spasm. Diffuse esophageal spasm typically causes substernal chest pain in association with difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia) of both liquids and solids. The pain may be severe and may awaken the patient from sleep. Liquids that are very hot or cold may aggravate the pain. With time, this disorder may evolve into achalasia (failure to relax smooth muscle fibers of the gastrointestinal tract). There may be reflux of recently swallowed food. Combinations of all of these with abnormal lower or upper esophageal sphincter function complete the clinical picture. Esophageal spasm may also produce a severe pain in the absence of dysphagia that is indistinguishable from angina pectoris . This pain is often described as a substernal squeezing pain and may occur in association with exercise. A specific cause is seldom found, but there may be associated reflux esophagitis (i...
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