Millions of people take bisphosphonate drugs to prevent bone loss, but do they know the risks. These medications are commonly used to treat osteoporosis, but can also cause pain, and specifically a condition called Bisphosphonate Induced Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (BIONJ). People who take a bisphosphonate need to know what BIONJ is, which drugs are most likely to cause it, who is at risk, and what to do about these risks.
What is Bisphosphonate Induced Osteonecrosis of the Bone (BIONJ)? Osteonecrosis of the bone is defined as the "presence of exposed bone in the maxillofacial (jaw) region that does not heal within 8 weeks after identification by a health care provider" according to the American Society of Bone and Mineral Research. This particular type of osteonecrosis is caused by the bisphosphonate drugs, hence the name "Bisphosphonate Induced". The common symptoms include jaw pain, swelling, infection, loosening of the teeth and drainage. Of course, seeing bone is defi...
Definition A broken jaw is a break in the jaw bone. A dislocated jaw means the lower part of the jaw has moved out of its normal position at one or both joints where the jaw bone connects to the skull (temporomandibular joints). Alternative Names Dislocated jaw; Fractured jaw; Broken jaw; TMJ dislocation Considerations A broken or dislocated jaw usually heals completely after treatment. However, the jaw may become dislocated again in the future. Complications may include: Airway blockage Bleeding Breathing blood or food into the lungs Difficulty eating (temporary) Difficulty talking (temporary) Infection of the jaw or face Jaw joint ( TMJ ) pain and other problems Problems aligning the teeth Causes The most common cause of a broken or dislocated jaw is injury to the face. This may be due to: Assault Industrial accident Motor vehicle accident Recreational or sports injury
TMJ is short for "Temporomandibular Joint" which is the jaw joint. Each person has two, one in front of each ear. It connects the lower and upper jaw bones and allows the joint to move up and down, forward to back, and side to side. TMJ Disorder , which is also sometimes called "TMJD," "TMJ Syndrome," or just "TMJ," is a poorly defined condition in which many symptoms can affect the joints. Some symptoms of TMJ disorder are pain upon movement, function issues, locking, and other the jaw joint problems. For a longer list of symptoms, please see our TMJ disorder symptom list . Conditions that affect other joints in the body, such as injury, arthritis, ankylosis (fusion), or developmental abnormalities, can also affect the temporomandibular joints. If you have any questions, please Create a SharePost , visit our message board , or ask an expert . Next: TMJ Symptoms
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