FROM OUR EXPERTS
When discussing of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, we often talk about pain, stiffness, swelling, and disability. We don’t often talk about vocal quality or ability to breathe freely, but RA can affect the larynx and small joints of the head and neck, including temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the cricoarytenoid joint (CAJ), and the cricothyroid joint (CTJ).
According to a new literature review in the journal Autoimmune Diseases , the prevalence of laryngeal symptoms of RA has risen from up to 31% of RA patients in 1960 (Lawry, 1984) to 75% by the end of the 20th century (Hamdan, 2013). At least a portion of this significant increase is likely due to increased awareness and better clinical diagnosis.
Symptoms of larynx involvement caused by RA include odynophagia (painful swallowing), foreign body sensation, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), sore throat, lump sensation in the throat, change in voice quality (e.g. hoarseness, breathiness, vocal fatigue), referred ...
Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) is a common condition from infancy to adulthood. However, there are significant differences in the symptoms and treatments depending on the age of the patient. This week, I am beginning a three part series on Gastroesophageal Reflux from infancy to adulthood. Note: The information in this blog is for informational purposes only. Report all symptoms to the doctor for a diagnosis and treatment. Part One of a Three Part Series: Infants and Toddlers GER vs.GERD First, it is important define two separate but related conditions: Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) is a normal physiological event characterized by the sensation of food coming up the esophagus in the form of a wet burp. Infants have GER after eating a large meal, ingesting air or eating too fast. On the other hand, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is the abnormal backwashing of stomach co...
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved
NEXIUM® delayed release capsules in children ages 12 to 17 for
the short-term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
NEXIUM was tested in adolescents ages 12 to 17 in a randomized,
double-blind parallel group study in which a total of 149 patients,
ages 12 to 17, with clinically diagnosed GERD were treated with
either NEXIUM 20mg or NEXIUM 40 mg once a day for up to eight
weeks. Reported side effects included headache, abdominal pain,
diarrhea and nausea.
Drug makers don't yet know if NEXIUM® is safe or effective
for treating GERD in children under 12 years old.
more about acid reflux.
You should know
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