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Halitosis is a generic term used to describe unpleasant odor coming from the mouth, also known as bad breath. Bad breath is relatively common and affects about 50 – 60 percent of people (Campisi, 2011). The problem is bad breath (and a bad taste in the mouth) can be caused by a number of factors. For the majority of sufferers, the bad breath originates in the mouth. There is no single bacteria to blame for bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth, rather bad breath is likely caused by a complex interaction of several different bacteria.
Halitosis can also originate outside of the mouth. For example, bad breath is significantly associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (Moshkowitz, 2007) and is frequently a complaint of those suffering reflux symptoms . However, this association is somewhat complicated because there are some disorders that cause reflux symptoms that are less likely to also cause bad breath than others. Also there could be a combination of an oral and n...
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) occurs when stomach contents come back up into the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) during or after a meal. A ring of muscle at the bottom of the esophagus opens and closes to allow food to enter the stomach. This ring of muscle is called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). This sphincter opens to release gas (burping) after meals in normal infants, children, and adults. When the sphincter opens in infants, the stomach contents often go up the esophagus and out the mouth (spitting up or vomiting). GER can also occur when babies cough, cry, or strain. Most infants with GER are happy and healthy even though they spit up or vomit. Symptoms GER occurs often in normal infants. More than half of all babies experience reflux in the first 3 months of life. An infant with GER may experience these symptoms: Spitting Vomiting Coughing Irritability Poor feeding Blood in the stools Only a small number of infants have severe symptoms due to GER. Mo...
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved
NEXIUM® delayed release capsules in children ages 12 to 17 for
the short-term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
NEXIUM was tested in adolescents ages 12 to 17 in a randomized,
double-blind parallel group study in which a total of 149 patients,
ages 12 to 17, with clinically diagnosed GERD were treated with
either NEXIUM 20mg or NEXIUM 40 mg once a day for up to eight
weeks. Reported side effects included headache, abdominal pain,
diarrhea and nausea.
Drug makers don't yet know if NEXIUM® is safe or effective
for treating GERD in children under 12 years old.
more about acid reflux.
You should know
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