To kick off Scleroderma Awareness Month , twenty-four athletes will swim, bike and run to spread awareness about scleroderma and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in the Escape from Alcatraz triathlon on June 5, 2011.
What is scleroderma?
Scleroderma is a chronic autoimmune rheumatic disease in which the body attacks its own connective tissue. It is often, but not necessarily, progressive and can range from very mild to life-threatening. Scleroderma is a disease which causes a thickening, tightening or hardening of the skin and internal organs. It can cause serious damage to the lungs, heart, kidneys, esophagus, and gastrointestinal tract of patients living with the disease.
The term scleroderma comes from the Greek - “sclero” meaning hard and “derma” meaning skin. There are two main types of scleroderma - localized and systemic. Localized scleroderma can be morphea or linear. Systemic scleroderma (SSc) can ...
Many patients report that it can be very hard to get an accurate diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. It can be months, or in the worst cases, years before an accurate diagnosis is made. This is due in part to the fact that IBD symptoms can mimic many other conditions like stomach bugs, ulcers or Irritable Bowel Syndrome. There are several risk factors that increase the possibility of developing IBD. Some of these risk factors include: Age: IBD is most frequently diagnosed between the ages of 15-35 years old. Gender: Both genders can develop IBD but women do develop it more frequently then men. Family History: Up to 25% of people with a IBD also have a family history of the disease. Remember, that means a huge portion of people have no family history of the disease. Race: IBD is most common in Caucasians but it can be seen in any race. Jewish people of Eastern European decent, or Ashkenazi Jews, are up to 5 times more likely to develop Crohn's. Smoking: If you c...
Definition Hirschsprung's disease is a blockage of the large intestine due to improper muscle movement in the bowel. It is a congenital condition, which means it is present from birth. Alternative Names Congenital megacolon Causes, incidence, and risk factors Muscle contractions in the gut help digested materials move through the intestine. This is called peristalsis. Nerves in between the muscle layers trigger the contractions. In Hirschsprung's disease, the nerves are missing from a part of the bowel. Areas without such nerves cannot push material through. This causes a blockage. Intestinal contents build up behind the blockage, causing the bowel and abdomen to become swollen. Hirschsprung's disease causes about 25% of all newborn intestinal blockages. It occurs five times more often in males than in females. Hirschsprung's disease is sometimes associated with other inherited or congenital conditions, such as Down syndrome.
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