By definition gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining (gastro = stomach, it is = inflammation). For years, I thought gastritis and reflux (GERD) were pretty much the same thing. Recently though, I've been reading more about gastritis and how it is similar but different than reflux. It is possible to have both reflux and gastritis but you can also have them separately.
A little bit of anatomy may help explain the difference between gastritis and GERD. Where the esophagus meets the stomach there's a sphincter (known as the lower esophageal or cardiac sphincter). This sphincter allows food into the stomach and helps to keep food from backwashing up into the esophagus. Some reflux is normal. When the acid irritates the lining of the esophagus the result is GERD. The symptoms of this are the classic heartburn symptoms as well as the less well known symptoms of chronic cough, voice changes, etc.
So, while GERD is related to irritation in the esophagus, gastritis is rel...
Definition Stress gastritis is swelling (inflammation) and weakening of the stomach lining that occurs during a serious illness. Alternative Names Stress ulcer Causes, incidence, and risk factors Stress gastritis may occur after: Burns Severe illness Shock Trauma The risk of stress gastritis and ulcers is highest in patients who are using a breathing machine in an intensive care unit.
Acute gastritis is a sudden inflammation of the stomach lining.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Acute gastritis may be caused by:
Certain medications, such as aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or corticosteroids
Eating or drinking corrosive substances
Infections, such as the bacteria Helicobacter pylori , or much less often, cytomegalovirus or herpes simplex virus
Acute gastritis is often associated with a severe, acute illness or trauma. The following increase your risk of acute gastritis:
Aspirin or NSAID use
Recent heavy alcohol use
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