<p><strong>What Is Diarrhea? </strong></p>
<p>Acute diarrhea—the passage of frequent, loose, or watery stools—is not a disease itself but rather a symptom of an underlying disorder.</p>
<p>As food passes through the digestive system, its water content is normally absorbed through the wall of the large intestine. Diarrhea—and, at times, dehydration—results when fluid is not absorbed but remains in and is expelled with the fecal matter.</p>
<p>Although diarrhea usually subsides without treatment within two or three days, resulting dehydration can be serious and often requires prompt treatment.</p>
<p><strong>Who Gets Diarrhea? </strong></p>
<p>In more than 90 percent of cases, acute diarrhea is caused by infectious agents (e.g., viruses, bacteria, parasites) that are ingested in food and water. ...
Definition Traveler's diarrhea is loose, watery stools. People can get traveler's diarrhea when they visit places where the water is not clean or the food is not handled safely. This can include third-world or developing countries in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. This article discusses what you should eat or drink if you have traveler's diarrhea. See also: Diarrhea Alternative Names Diet - traveler's diarrhea; Diarrhea - traveler's - diet Function Bacteria and other substances in the water and food can cause traveler's diarrhea. People living in these areas often don't get sick because their bodies are used to the bacteria. You can lower your risk for getting traveler's diarrhea by avoiding water, ice, and food that may be contaminated. The goal of the traveler's diarrhea diet is to make your symptoms better and prevent you from getting dehydrated .
The stool C. difficile toxin test detects harmful substances produced by the bacterium Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile) in a stool sample. This infection is a common cause of diarrhea after antibiotic use.
How the test is performed
A sample of a stool is submitted for laboratory analysis. There are several methods used to detect C. difficile toxin in the stool specimen.
Today, an enzyme immunoassay ( EIA ) is most often used to detect substances produced by the bacteria. The EIA is faster than previous culture tests, simpler to perform, and results are available in about an hour. However, it is slightly less sensitive than previous methods. Several stool samples may be needed to get an accurate result.
How to prepare for the test
There are many ways to collect the samples. You can catch the stool on plastic wrap that is loosely placed over the toilet bowl and held in place by the toilet seat. Then you put the sample in a clean container. One ...
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