Chronic gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach that persists for a long time.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Chronic gastritis may be caused by prolonged irritation from the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), infection with the bacteria Helicobacter pylori , pernicious anemia (an autoimmune disorder), degeneration of the lining of the stomach from age, or chronic bile reflux.
By definition gastritis is inflammation of the stomach lining (gastro = stomach, it is = inflammation). For years, I thought gastritis and reflux (GERD) were pretty much the same thing. Recently though, I've been reading more about gastritis and how it is similar but different than reflux. It is possible to have both reflux and gastritis but you can also have them separately.
A little bit of anatomy may help explain the difference between gastritis and GERD. Where the esophagus meets the stomach there's a sphincter (known as the lower esophageal or cardiac sphincter). This sphincter allows food into the stomach and helps to keep food from backwashing up into the esophagus. Some reflux is normal. When the acid irritates the lining of the esophagus the result is GERD. The symptoms of this are the classic heartburn symptoms as well as the less well known symptoms of chronic cough, voice changes, etc.
So, while GERD is related to irritation in the esophagus, gastritis is rel...
Are Heatburn Drugs Dangerous for the Heart? Another recent news item was a report that the proton pump inhibitors Nexium (left) and Prilosec (below) might be bad for the heart. The FDA began investigating reports that Astra Zeneca, the manufacturer of the popular acid reflux drugs , had two small studies that suggested the possibility of a risk. Those studies had compared heartburn sufferers over 5 to 14 years who were treated with either medication or surgery . The study found that more patients treated with the drugs had heart attacks, heart failure or heart-related sudden death, as compared to those treated with surgery. The FDA concluded, however, that the patients who underwent surgery were younger and healthier than those treated by drugs, suggesting the heart link was a coincidence. The FDA took the possibility of a link seriously, and looked at 14 additional studies, finding no evidence of a heart risk . While the FDA plans to complete its probe over th...
You should knowAnswers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.