Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) occurs when stomach contents come back up into the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach) during or after a meal. A ring of muscle at the bottom of the esophagus opens and closes to allow food to enter the stomach. This ring of muscle is called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). This sphincter opens to release gas (burping) after meals in normal infants, children, and adults. When the sphincter opens in infants, the stomach contents often go up the esophagus and out the mouth (spitting up or vomiting). GER can also occur when babies cough, cry, or strain. Most infants with GER are happy and healthy even though they spit up or vomit. Symptoms GER occurs often in normal infants. More than half of all babies experience reflux in the first 3 months of life. An infant with GER may experience these symptoms: Spitting Vomiting Coughing Irritability Poor feeding Blood in the stools Only a small number of infants have severe symptoms due to GER. Mo...
Halitosis is a generic term used to describe unpleasant odor coming from the mouth, also known as bad breath. Bad breath is relatively common and affects about 50 – 60 percent of people (Campisi, 2011). The problem is bad breath (and a bad taste in the mouth) can be caused by a number of factors. For the majority of sufferers, the bad breath originates in the mouth. There is no single bacteria to blame for bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth, rather bad breath is likely caused by a complex interaction of several different bacteria.
Halitosis can also originate outside of the mouth. For example, bad breath is significantly associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (Moshkowitz, 2007) and is frequently a complaint of those suffering reflux symptoms . However, this association is somewhat complicated because there are some disorders that cause reflux symptoms that are less likely to also cause bad breath than others. Also there could be a combination of an oral and n...
Mouth sores usually go away in 10 to 14 days, even if you don't do anything. They sometimes last up to 6 weeks. The following steps can make you feel better:
Avoid hot beverages and foods, spicy and salty foods, and citrus.
Gargle with cool water or eat popsicles. This is helpful if you have a mouth burn.
Take pain relievers like acetaminophen.
For canker sores:
Rinse with salt water.
Apply a thin paste of baking soda and water.
Mix 1 part hydrogen peroxide with 1 part water and apply this mixture to the sores using a cotton swab.
For more severe cases, treatments include fluocinonide gel (Lidex), anti-inflammatory amlexanox paste (Aphthasol), or chlorhexidine gluconate (Peridex) mouthwash.
Nonprescription medications, such as Orabase, can protect a sore inside the lip and on the gums. Blistex or Campho-Phenique may provide some relief of canker sores and fever blister...
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