What is Heartburn?
When someone experiences heartburn, he or she usually experiences it as a burning sensation in the chest or in the upper abdomen. The pain is a common complaint of many and affects approximately 7 to 10 percent of the U.S. population every day (Kern et al., 2004). Heartburn is usually associated with regurgitation of gastric acid from the stomach and is usually a chief complaint of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Unfortunately, the simplicity of the definition stops there. Because while everyone has regurgitation of gastric acid from the stomach, not everyone has heartburn — and not everyone who does have heartburn has acid reflux disease.
The difference between heartburn and GERD is that GERD is a condition that develops when the reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications (Vakil et al., 2006). What muddies the waters even more, is that less than half of the naturally occurring reflux events is repo...
Heartburn, also known as gastric reflux or indigestion, happens after you eat and food is in your stomach. In the stomach, food is broken down by acids. Usually these acids stay in your stomach because a valve blocks the acids from going up the esophagus. Sometimes this valve doesn't work properly because the muscle weakens. When this happens, gastric acids can travel up the esophagus and cause a burning sensation -- this is heartburn. When these acids travel up into the mouth and then down into the lungs, they can cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Symptoms of heartburn and GERD include:
irritating burning sensation in the chest or throat
middle back pain
bitter, acidic taste in the mouth
an increase in the burning sensation while lying down
Breast cancer treatments that can cause heartburn and GERD are:
Tykerb (chemical name: lapatinib), a targeted therapy
Bisphosphonates, medicines that are used to protect bones during breast cancer treat...
Generic Name: CIMETIDINE - ORAL Pronounced: (sye-MET-uh-deen) Heartburn Oral Uses
Cimetidine is used to treat ulcers of the stomach and
intestines and prevent them from coming back after they have healed. This
medication is also used to treat certain stomach and throat (esophagus)
problems caused by too much stomach acid (e.g., Zollinger-Ellison syndrome,
erosive esophagitis) or a backward flow of stomach acid into the esophagus
(acid reflux disease/GERD). Decreasing extra stomach acid can help relieve
symptoms such as stomach pain, heartburn, difficulty swallowing, persistent
cough, and trouble sleeping. It can also prevent serious acid damage to your
digestive system (e.g., ulcers, cancer of the esophagus).
Cimetidine belongs to a class of drugs commonly called H2
blockers. It works by reducing the amount of acid in your
This medication is also available without a prescription.
It is used to treat occasional heartburn...
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