Introduction

10 Common Acid Reflux Terms Defined

Tracy Davenport Oct 21st, 2013 (updated Aug 4th, 2016)
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GERD
GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition in which the lower esophageal sphincter allows gastric acids to reflux into the esophagus, causing heartburn, acid indigestion, and possible injury to the esophageal lining.

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Antacids
Antacids

Medicine that neutralizes stomach acid.

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Endoscopy
Endoscopy

This test is often used when someone reports symptoms of acid reflux and involves inserting a long, flexible, lighted tube down the throat to detect damage or any abnormalities.

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Motility drugs
Motility drugs

A pharmacologic agent that can improve esophageal and gastric emptying.

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Esophagus
Esophagus

The muscular tube for the passage of food from the pharynx to the stomach.

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Failure to thrive
Failure to thrive

 A significant interruption in the expected rate of growth compared with other children of similar age and sex during early childhood.

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Food aversions
Food aversions

Refusing to eat certain foods as a potential side effect of reflux.

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H-2 Blocker
H-2 Blocker

These medications block histamine at the receptor side of the parietal cell.

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Lactose intolerance
Lactose intolerance

To break down and digest lactose, we need an enzyme called lactase. Lactose intolerance occurs when a person does not produce this enzyme (or enough of it). Lactose is a type of sugar found in dairy products like milk and ice cream.

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PPI: Proton Pump Inhibitor
PPI: Proton Pump Inhibitor

A group of medicines that work by blocking the proton pump’s ability to make stomach acid.