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sodium Bicarbonate Oral Precautions and Side Effects


IMPORTANT NOTE: The following information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to indicate that use of the drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Consult your healthcare professional before using this drug.

Table of Contents

Generic Name: SODIUM BICARBONATE - ORAL
Pronounced: (SO-dee-um bye-KAR-buh-nate)

sodium Bicarbonate Oral Precautions

Before taking sodium bicarbonate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

This product should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this product, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have:

  • a certain breathing problem (pulmonary edema)
  • congestive heart failure
  • severe kidney disease (e.g., inability to make urine)
  • severe liver disease (e.g., ascites, cirrhosis)
  • high sodium levels
  • swollen ankles/legs/feet due to retaining water (peripheral edema)

If you have any of the following health problems, consult your doctor or pharmacist before using this product:

  • low calcium levels
  • high blood pressure
  • heart problems (e.g., irregular heartbeat)
  • kidney disease

Because this medication contains salt (sodium), do not use if you are on a salt-restricted diet.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. This medication may worsen high blood pressure during pregnancy (toxemia of pregnancy). Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

This medication may pass into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

sodium Bicarbonate Oral Side Effects

Nausea, bloating, or gas may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur:

  • swelling hands/ankles/feet
  • unusual weight gain

When taken with sodium bicarbonate, large doses of calcium from your diet, medications, or supplements can rarely cause a serious problem called milk-alkali syndrome. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about using calcium products safely while you are using this medication. Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur:

  • dizziness
  • muscle aches/spasms
  • mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, irritability, memory problems)
  • vomiting
  • weakness
  • change in the amount of urine

Seek immediate medical attention if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur:

  • chest pain
  • seizures

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including:

  • rash
  • itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat)
  • severe dizziness
  • trouble breathing

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.



CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.
Information last revised May 2010 Copyright(c) 2010 First DataBank, Inc.