education accommodations

The Difference Between Accommodations and Modifications

Eileen Bailey Health Guide August 09, 2008
  • Both in education and in the workplace, the terms modifications and accommodations are used to describe changes made to help someone with a disability succeed. Through the years, these terms have been used interchangeably, even though they both have different meanings.

     

    The term "accommodation" refers to changes in the procedures, however, does not result in a change of what is measured. For example, if a student receives additional time or takes a test in the resource center to minimize distractions, then the procedures for the test are changed, but how the test is graded or measured remains the same.

    Additional examples of accommodations:

     

    • Allowing extra time to take a test
      Allowing tests to be taken in a quieter environment
      Seating in front of room
      Tutoring
      Hands on activities
      Working in small groups
      Using school organizers
      Having a teacher assistant or classmate help with gathering supplies and books for homework
      Receiving test study guides from the teacher
      Using positive reinforcement behavior strategies in the classroom
      Extra communication between parents and teachers
      Reducing homework to every other question to be completed


    On the other hand, if a child is given an oral spelling test rather than a written one, the actual test would be changed, making it a "modification." Other examples of modifications would include being allowed to use a calculator during a test or having the number of questions reduced. Modifications can also be changes in curriculum.

    Additional examples of modifications:

     

    • Simplifying lessons for lower levels of understanding
      Reducing reading levels
      Simplifying vocabulary
      Adjusting grading to weighted grading

     

    Most children with ADHD will require accommodations rather than modifications. The exact needs of a child are determined by a team. This team normally includes parents, teachers, school psychologists and school administrators. This team works together to determine the needs of the student and to create a positive learning environment.

     

    See Also:


    Section 504 for Children with ADHD

     

    Classroom Management of ADHD

     

    Suggestions for IEPs and Section 504s