Due to the varying nature of ADHD, not all patients will have exactly the same symptoms. Unfortunately, there is no blood test or brain imaging exam that can diagnose the condition. Thus, ADHD is only diagnosed through a series of exams, many of which may be different from one evaluator to another. Perceptions exist that ADHD is either overdiagnosed or may not exist at all.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association and is the standard reference and diagnostic manual for mental illnesses. It is used by psychiatrists, psychologists and other mental health professionals around the world. Currently, the DSM-IV (TR), or fourth edition is used and the fifth…