Upon perusal of the www.healthcentral.diabeteens.com web site, there appears to be pervasive discussions of Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) and its various permutations. I wanted to define and discuss the multiple situations leading up to DKA and talk about the mythical condition of "brittle" diabetes.
What is diabetic ketoacidosis? DKA results when there is insufficient insulin to enable carbohydrates to enter into the body's cells. As a result, the body must metabolize fat and muscle to manufacture energy. This process is extraordinarily inefficient and leads to the development of ketones, a by product of fat breakdown. The blood ketones accumulate and can lead to increased acid in the blood resulting in serious consequences such as vomiting, loss of consciousness, potential coma or death. Because glucose cannot get into the cells, the concentration increases in the blood and thereby causes increased drinking, increased thirst and increased urination resulting in dehydration. Dehy...
Swelling, also called edema, happens when fluid builds up in body tissues.
Swelling is a common side effect of many breast cancer treatments:
Arimidex (chemical name: anastrozole)
Aromasin (chemical name: exemestane)
Femara (chemical name: letrozole)
Evista (chemical name: raloxifene)
Fareston (chemical name: toremifene)
Faslodex (chemical name: fulvestrant)
Other medicines you may be taking during treatment, including pain medications, bisphosphonates (bone-strengthening medications), and steroids also can cause swelling.
If the swelling is severe, accompanied by pain, or if your arm starts to swell after surgery (which could be a sign of arm lymphedema ), talk to your doctor right away. This type of swelling could be a sign of infection or other serious condition and needs to be treated as soon as possible.
If your swelling is mild, try these tips to ease it:
Elevate the swollen area . If poss...
Did you know the largest internal organ of the body is the liver? But the overall largest organ of the body is the skin. It’s no wonder the skin is involved with so many aspects of diseases: rash, itching, fever, external bleeding, swelling, pallor (turning pale), and cyanosis (turning blue). Doctors look for signs of hundreds of diseases by examining the organ that is most accessible, the skin.
Often the skin is our first line of defense against adverse conditions such as hot and cold temperatures, external trauma (for example falling on hard ground) and harmful rays of the sun. We are protected from a myriad of germs (bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites) by having a finely woven coat of armor, our skin.
Unfortunately certain substances, after contacting the skin, may cause a break down in protective barrier forces. This may be followed by inflammation and a skin eruption (rash) that signals the development of contact dermatitis (CD) .
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