Alternative Names Second degree burn; First degree burn; Third degree burn Symptoms Blisters Pain (the degree of pain is not related to the severity of the burn -- the most serious burns can be painless) Peeling skin Red skin Shock (watch for pale and clammy skin, weakness, bluish lips and fingernails, and a drop in alertness) Swelling White or charred skin Symptoms of an airways burn: Charred mouth; burned lips Burns on the head, face, or neck Wheezing Change in voice Difficulty breathing; coughing Singed nose hairs or eyebrows Dark, carbon-stained mucus
Types of burns
What is the difference between first-, second-, and third-degree burns?
First-degree burns involve red skin, mild swelling , and some pain.
Second-degree burns are very painful and involve red skin with blisters that may open and ooze clear fluid.
Third-degree burns are often extremely painful. However, they may be painless if nerves have been damaged. In this type of burn, layers of skin are destroyed and skin appears brown or charred.
See burns for more information.
First Aid Wash the skin thoroughly with soap and warm water. Because the plant oil enters skin quickly, try to wash it off within 30 minutes. Scrub under the fingernails with a brush to prevent the plant oil from spreading to other parts of the body. Wash clothing and shoes with soap and hot water. The plant oils can linger on them. Immediately bathe animals to remove the oils from their fur. Body heat and sweating can aggravate the itching. Stay cool and apply cool compresses to your skin. Calamine lotion and hydrocortisone cream can be applied to the skin to reduce itching and blistering. Bathing in lukewarm water with an oatmeal bath product, available in drugstores, may soothe itchy skin. Aluminum acetate (Domeboro solution) soaks can help to dry the rash and reduce itching. If creams, lotions, or bathing do not stop the itching, antihistamines may be helpful. In severe cases, especially for a rash around the face or genitals, the health care provider may prescribe steroids, taken by mouth...
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