Definition Clubbing is a thickening of the flesh under the toenails and fingernails. The nail curves downward, similar to the shape of the round part of an upside-down spoon. Alternative Names Clubbing Considerations Clubbing occurs with a wide number of diseases. It is most often found in heart and lung diseases that cause a lower-than-normal amount of oxygen in the blood. Clubbing may also be due to lung cancer, and diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract. Clubbing may also occur in families. In this case it may not be due to an underlying disease. Common Causes Chronic lung conditions
Bronchiectasis Cystic fibrosis Lung abscess Lung cancer Pulmonary fibrosis Congenital heart disease (cyanotic type)
Tetralogy of Fallot Total anomalous venous return Transposition of the great vessels Tricuspid atresia Truncus arteriosus Digestive system diseases
Celiac disease Cirrhosis Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis Graves disease or hyperthyroidism Other conditions
Dysentery Other types of cancer,...
Many jobs require a whole lot of time on your feet. After a long day of pounding, everything can hurt from heel to toe. Whether you are a nurse, a food server, a chef, a sales person or a construction worker, you know exactly what I am talking about: sore feet on the job. Some of you may have specific conditions like plantar fasciitis , Morton's neuroma , or Tarsal Tunnel syndrome . Some of you may be experiencing aching, numbness, burning, itching, throbbing and tingling. No matter how your feet feel, the work must go on and on and on. In order to keep going on your feet all day, a few tips can help ease your pain.
If your job requires you to stand in one spot or in a very small area for hours on end, you might want to consider some special floor mats. An extra layer of cushioning between your feet and the cold, hard ground can not only make your feet happier, but can also make your whole body happier too. Chefs, in particular, really recognize the value of good quality floor mat...
pls. help i suffered headache both side my head and starting from my eyes the pain and have a running nose and itching inside and the worse is blurring my eye vision. Thank you hope you can help me soon. jlpm.
As much as we'd like to help you, what you need is for someone to diagnose your headache and recommend treatment, and that can't be done via the Internet. The only person who can safely answer your question is a doctor who can review your and your family's medical history, discuss your symptoms with you, and conduct a complete examination.
Unexplained head pain should always be checked out. Please see your doctor.
Good luck, John Claude Krusz and Teri Robert
If you need help finding a Migraine and headache specialist, visit our listing of Patient Recommended Specialists .
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