The beginning of summer kicks off the camping and hiking season, anxiously awaited by those who have endured a long cold winter. This year will likely prove to be one of the busier camping seasons as many Americans bypass more expensive vacations that involve pricey airline tickets or gas guzzling road trips. Emergency department staff will probably see a greater number of people with contact dermatitis caused by exposure to poison ivy, poison oak or poison sumac. Many people have never seen poison ivy , or perhaps wouldn't recognize it if they saw it. Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac belong to the plant genus Toxicodendron (previously referred to as Rhus ). Toxicodendron means "poisonous tree." These plants have an oil-based substance in the resin on their leaves and in their stems and branches called urushiol that causes a delayed skin reaction in about 50% of people that contact it. Urushiol may cause severe contact dermatitis in people that have previousl...
The viral condition, "Herpes Gladiatorum", known colloquially as "sumo virus" or "scrumpox", has resulted in the deaths of two Japanese wrestlers. A new and more pathogenic strain of the virus has been discovered.
Researchers have studied the spread of the virus in Japanese sumo wrestlers and reported their findings in the Journal of General Virology. One particular strain, BgOL, is most commonly associated with herpes gladiatorum. However the researchers discovered BgKL to be an even more common and more prevalent strain in the samples they studied.
"Scrumpox" is spread through skin contact with an infected person. Sports such as wrestling or rugby are particularly high risk activities because of the amount of skin contact and the likelihood of minor abrasions and scratches. Sumo wrestlers live and train together and this provides the perfect environment for the virus to spread. Symptoms include a rash of blisters on the face, neck, arms or legs, swollen glands and a so...
Dermatitis - diaper and Candida; Candida-associated diaper dermatitis; Diaper dermatitis
You may notice the following in your child's diaper area:
Bright red rash that gets bigger
Fiery red and scaly areas on the scrotum and penis in boys
Red or scaly areas on the labia and vagina in girls
Pimples, blisters, ulcers, large bumps, or pus-filled sores
Smaller red patches (called satellite lesions) that grow and blend in with the other patches
Older infants may scratch when the diaper is removed.
Diaper rashes usually do NOT spread beyond the edge of the diaper.
Signs and tests
Yeast or Candida-related diaper rashes often can be diagnosed by the appearance alone. The KOH test can confirm a Candida diagnosis.
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