Millions of Americans in pursuit of a remedy for stuffy nose and sinus pressure turn to over the counter (OTC) nasal sprays because of their quick action, availability and presumed safety. But did you know prolonged use of topical nasal decongestants (TNDs) often leads to addiction? Case in Point: A 32-year-old male was referred to me because of complaints of chronic nasal blockage. The patient suspected his problem was hay fever (allergic rhinitis). During the interview, he revealed that a year ago he began to have trouble sleeping because of a stuffy nose. He felt considerably better after using a TND before going to bed. Within 2 weeks he began to awaken in the middle of the night requiring another dose of his nasal spray for relief. One month later he required doses 4 times daily in order to avoid severe nasal congestion. By the time I saw him, he was going through almost a bottle of nasal spray daily. His diagnosis was Rhinitis Medicamentosa (RM) which means nasal inflammation (rhi...
Q: What is Zicam and how does it work? A: Zicam is an over-the-counter product that contains zinc and is used to reduce both the duration and the severity of the common cold. According to the manufacturer, Zicam works best when used or taken within 24 to 48 hours of the onset of common cold symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion or coughing. Q: Is Zicam a drug? Zicam was not approved by the FDA as a drug and it was not marketed as a drug. Zicam's manufacturer, Matrixx Initiatives, Inc., marketed Zicam as a homeopathic remedy. Q: Does Zicam actually work? A: There have been some studies done that showed that zinc products such as Zicam have reduced the length of a person's cold by one day, when it did show benefit. However, there is no conclusive evidence that Zicam, or similar products, actually works. Q: Why did the FDA issue a warning about Zicam? A: The product may damage or destroy a person's sense of smell, according to the FDA. It is a condition called anosmia . Since...
Generic Name: EMOLLIENTS - TOPICAL Aquaphor With Natural Healing Top Uses
This medication has 2 types of ingredients (emollient,
keratolytic) that work together to treat or prevent dry, rough, scaly, itchy
skin (e.g., eczema, keratosis, xerosis). Dry skin is caused by a loss of water
in the upper layer of the skin. Emollients are substances that soften and
moisturize the skin and decrease itching and flaking. Emollients/moisturizers
work by forming an oily layer on the top of the skin that traps water in the
skin. Petrolatum, lanolin, mineral oil, and dimethicone are common
Lactic acid, salicylic acid, and urea are keratolytics.
They increase moisture in the skin by softening/dissolving the horny substance
(keratin) holding the top layer of skin cells together. This helps the dead
skin cells fall off and helps the skin keep more water in. Higher strengths of
urea are used to treat corns, callous, and some nail problems (e...
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