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Treatment The immediate goals are to treat diabetic ketoacidosis and high blood glucose levels. Because type 1 diabetes can start suddenly and have severe symptoms, people who are newly diagnosed may need to go to the hospital. The long-term goals of treatment are to: Prolong life Reduce symptoms Prevent diabetes-related complications such as blindness, heart disease, kidney failure, and amputation of limbs These goals are accomplished through: Blood pressure and cholesterol control Careful self testing of blood glucose levels Education Exercise Foot care Meal planning and weight control Medication or insulin use There is no cure for diabetes. Treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms. LEARN THESE SKILLS Basic diabetes management skills will help prevent the need for emergency care. These skills include: How to recognize and treat low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia ) and high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) What to eat and when How to take insulin or oral medicat...
Definition Impaired smell is the partial or total loss of the sense of smell. Alternative Names Loss of smell; Anosmia Considerations The loss of smell can occur as a result of nasal congestion or blockage of the nose and isn't serious, but it can sometimes be a sign of a nervous system (neurological) condition. Temporary loss of the sense of smell is common with colds and nasal allergies , such as hay fever ( allergic rhinitis ). It may occur after a viral illness. Some loss of smell occurs with aging. In most cases, there is no obvious or immediate cause, and there is no treatment. The sense of smell is often lost with disorders that prevent air from reaching the part of the nose where smell receptors are located (the cribriform plate, located high in the nose). These disorders may include nasal polyps , nasal septal deformities, and nasal tumors. Other disorders that may cause a loss of the sense of smell include: Alzheimer's dementia Disorders of the endocrine system Head trauma Nervous disorders N...
Certain medications can change the way the receptors in your mouth and nose tell your brain what you're tasting or smelling. Some foods may taste bitter, rancid, or metallic. Foods that used to be your favorites may taste different while you're getting treatment. This condition usually only lasts as long as treatment does -- in most cases, your will senses will return to normal a couple months after you're done.
The following breast cancer treatments can affect your sense of taste and smell:
Avastin (chemical name: bevacizumab), a targeted therapy
Some pain medications also can affect your sense of taste and smell.
Managing taste and smell changes
Try new foods . If you find yourself disliking your favorite foods, try foods that are different from what you normally eat. Be sure to try new foods when you're feeling good so you don't develop more food dislikes.
Eat lightly and several hours before you receive chemotherapy . This helps prevent food aversions caused by nau...
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