FROM OUR EXPERTS
Our armed service men and women and their families understand that they risk a lot in order to protect our nation. However, I bet that one thing they didn’t take into account is that, if they are exposed to a traumatic brain injury thanks to an improvised explosive, they could be faced with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and potential dementia. This is the same degenerative brain disease that some retired football players who have experienced numerous concussions are battling.
The Washington Post reported on a very small study that found four young military veterans’ brains, upon autopsy, displayed the earliest signs of CTE. These veterans were between the ages of 22 and 45 and lived for at least one year after suffering a traumatic brain injury (TBI) during their service. These four veterans complained of several issues, including memory, irritability and difficulty sleeping, prior to their deaths.
In doing the autopsy, scientists found that these brains’ ha...
The FDA recently announced increased safety warnings for those taking cholesterol lowering drugs , saying that they can cause memory loss, confusion and an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes . Diabetes increases the risk for Alzheimer’s disease . The new warnings are based on results from the latest clinical trials, plus adverse effects reported by patients, physicians and the drug companies.
Many of our aging parents are on a statin drug to control cholesterol . Keeping low density cholesterol (LDL) under control is thought to help prevent heart attacks and strokes. The drugs are generally effective in lowering cholesterol.
It was first thought that the main risk for those who took statins was liver damage, so blood work was needed on a regular basis to check for liver problems. Now, that seems to be less of a worry. However, these new warnings are a big concern for people keeping an eye on a loved one at risk for dementia.
Watch all medications for side...
The world of orthopedics is full of unusual problems. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head in young adults is one of the more difficult challenges. Osteonecrosis means bone death. The femoral head is the round ball at the top of the thighbone that fits into the hip socket. Osteonecrosis can be caused by steroid use, alcohol, trauma, and blood-clotting problems. In some cases, no cause can be found. The first goal in treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head is to save the bone. The second goal is to keep function while relieving pain. Doctors can use a bone graft from the fibula (the small bone next to the shin bone) in the lower leg to preserve the femoral head. Taken from the cortical bone, the pieces harvested from the fibula have their own blood (vascular) supply. This helps the bone survive in its new location. There, the graft reinforces the outside border of the femoral head. The graft is called a free vascularized fibular graft (FVFG). If the FVFG fails, the bone will collapse cau...
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