"You have end stage COPD..." is possibly one of the most frightening - and confusing - things a person can hear.
Let's talk about the four stages of COPD and what it means for you. Here are three simple steps that anybody who has heard these dreaded words - and anybody with chronic lung disease for that matter - should follow.
1.) Get the Facts Straight.
When somebody, anybody, tells you you're at a certain stage of a disease, ask questions.
First, find out what it is that determines that stage and, next, where you fit in.
The very first question I ask when a new patient comes in to Pulmonary Rehab is: "What has the doctor told you is going on in your lungs?" The answer tells me a lot about what the patient has been told, what they understand about it and what it means to them. (It's interesting to note that one study revealed that over 26% of patients were unaware of what their COPD diagnosis meant!) Most of the time when I ask patients what t...
No previous experience necessary! Someone with Alzheimer's may have some limitations but both they and their caregiver will get so much from your attention and the activities you offer them. Anything a volunteer can offer is likely to be highly valued.
There is a lot that friends, relatives and concerned members of the community can do to help people with Alzheimer's. Seven stages of Alzheimer's have been identified. In this Sharepost I look at the disease using a more simple three-stage model of symptoms and the loss of function: the early stage, the middle stage and the severe stage. It provides a framework around which I can offer general tips on how you can help make the life of someone with the disease more fulfilling and happier.
If you are thinking of volunteering it may help you make up your mind by contacting your local Alzheimer's Association. They can give you more information and you can meet other volunteers. Knowing a bit about the disease c...
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is that stage of kidney impairment which is irreversible, cannot be controlled by conservative management alone, and requires dialysis or kidney transplantation to maintain life. There are two types of kidney failure: acute and chronic . Acute kidney failure is a temporary decline in kidney function that can most often be corrected. Chronic kidney failure, on the other hand, is a permanent condition, meaning that once it occurs, the kidneys cannot be made to function again. Chronic kidney failure may be the result of heredity, as with polycystic kidney disease , or may be caused by prolonged medical conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes . Persons with chronic renal failure are referred to as having end-stage renal disease. The term indicates that the patient must rely on some type of medical treatment to help replace the loss of kidney function. The treatment alternatives for ESRD include hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantatio...
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