Symptoms Primary symptoms may include: Agitation and restless behavior Depressed mood Fatigue Generalized malaise Increased appetite Vivid and unpleasant dreams Slowing of activity The craving and depression can last for months following cessation of long-term heavy use (particularly daily). Withdrawal symptoms may also be associated with suicidal thoughts in some people. During withdrawal, there can be powerful, intense cravings for cocaine. However, the "high" associated with ongoing use becomes less and less pleasant, and can produce fear and extreme suspicion rather than joy (euphoria). Just the same, the cravings may remain powerful. Signs and tests A physical examination and history of cocaine use are sufficient to diagnose this condition. A toxicology (poison) screen may be performed to see if other drugs may have been taken.
The goals of treatment are to reduce the immediate withdrawal symptoms, prevent complications, and begin long-term therapy to promote abstinence (no drinking at all).
People with moderate-to-severe symptoms of alcohol withdrawal may need inpatient treatment at a hospital or other facility that treats alcohol withdrawal. Others who may need inpatient treatment include those who:
Have a mental health disorder, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
Have failed outpatient treatment for alcoholism or alcohol withdrawal
Have serious medical problems
May be harmful to themselves or others
Treatment at an inpatient center will include medical monitoring and treatment of alcohol symptoms.
Monitoring of blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, and blood levels of different chemicals in the body will take place. The person will be watched closely for hallucinations and other signs of delirium tremens .
Alternative Names Withdrawal from nicotine; Smoking - nicotine addiction and withdrawal; Smokeless tobacco - nicotine addiction; Cigar smoking; Pipe smoking; Smokeless snuff; Tobacco use; Chewing tobacco Symptoms Nicotine use can have many different effects on body functions, both positive and negative. Nicotine acts as both a stimulant and depressant on your body. The use of nicotine: Decreases the appetite (for this reason, the fear of weight gain affects some people's willingness to stop smoking). Boosts mood and may even relieve minor depression. Many people will feel a sense of well-being. Raises the blood level of blood sugar (glucose) and increases insulin production. Increases bowel activity, saliva, and phlegm. Increases heart rate by around 10 to 20 beats per minute. Increases blood pressure by 5 to 10 mmHg (because it tightens the blood vessels). May cause sweating, nausea, and diarrhea. Stimulates memory and alertness. People who use tobacco often depend on it to help them accomplish...
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