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Transplantation Transplantation Stem cells that are made in the bone marrow are the early form of all blood cells in the body. They normally mature into red, white, or immune cells. To help the patient survive high dose chemotherapy needed to cure leukemia that has returned treatment, or not responded to treatment, a stem cell transplantation procedure may be used. Stem cell transplantation replaces blood stem cells that were lost during the initial chemotherapy treatment. The lost stem cells are replaced by transplanting them from a donor into the patient. Types of Donors The stem cells to be given to the person with leukemia can come from either the patient (autologous ) or a donor(allogeneic ): Allogeneic tranplant . In an allogeneic transplant, the stem cells are taken from another person or donor. The immune system of the person receiving the new cells will usually try to reject these new, foreign cells. The more similar genetically the donor cells are, however, the less likely the per...
When the most often prescribed acute treatments for migraine fail, patients and doctors alike want to know why. In fact, such issues are so important to doctors and researchers that there was an entire special issue of the journal Headache devoted to the gastrointestinal manifestations of migraine. One research paper in this issue dealt specifically with why triptan treatment can fail.
"Results of randomized, double-blind, controlled studies establish the efficacy of triptans in the acute treatment of migraine, but triptan benefits demonstrated in clinical trials have not consistently been realized in clinical practice. This paper explores the contribution of gastrointestinal manifestations of migraine – namely nausea (with or without vomiting) and gastroparesis – to triptan treatment failure."
Triptans for Migraine:
There are seven triptans available for the acute treatment of Migraine available in a variety of formulations.
All of the...
Acute prostatitis is an infection of the prostate gland in young or middle age men. Just for review, the prostate gland is a chestnut sized glandular organ located in men at the entrance/exit of the bladder and situated so it surrounds the connection of the bladder opening and the urethra which is the tube that drains the urine to the outside through the inside of the penis. The acute infection is usually caused by bacteria such as E.Coli and Pseudomonas, which are also common infecting agents of other parts of the urinary tract such as the bladder and urethra. This acute prostatic bacterial infection usually occurs in young and middle-aged males. Symptoms include pain in the genital/bladder area, fever (which may be high), as well as burning, pain and irritation when urinating. The bacteria that causes acute prostatitis usually gains access to the prostate by infected urine in the bladder through the urethra or urine tube. The infecting organisms migrate ...
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