In the early 20th century, Swedish physician Henrik Sjögren (SHOW-gren) first described a group of women whose chronic arthritis was accompanied by dry eyes and dry mouth. Sjögren's syndrome (SS) can develop on its own (called “primary SS”) or as a complication of another autoimmune disorder (called “secondary SS”), most often lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms vary in type and intensity, and serious complications are rare.
Sjögren's syndrome is an inflammatory disease with unknown cause that can affect many different parts of the body, but most often affects the tear and saliva glands. Patients with this condition may notice irritation, a gritty feeling, or painful burning in the eyes. Dry mouth or difficulty eating dry foods, and swelling of the glands around the face and neck. Some patients experience dryness of other mucous membranes (such as the nasal passages, throat, and vagina) and skin.
Most of the complica...
Mouth ulcers are sores or open lesions in the mouth.
See also: Canker sores
Oral ulcer; Stomatitis - ulcerative; Ulcer - mouth
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Mouth ulcers are caused by many disorders. These include:
Herpes simplex ( fever blister )
Oral lichen planus
The skin lesion of histoplasmosis may also appear as a mouth ulcer.
Alternative Names Vincent's stomatitis; Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Treatment The goals of treatment are to cure the infection and relieve symptoms. Your health care provider may prescribe antibiotics if you have a fever. Good oral hygiene is vital to the treatment of trench mouth. Brush and floss your teeth thoroughly as often as possible, at least twice a day and preferably after each meal and at bedtime. Salt water rinses (1/2 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of water) may soothe sore gums. Hydrogen peroxide, used to rinse the gums, is often recommended to remove dead or dying gum tissue. Over-the-counter pain relievers (analgesics) may reduce your discomfort. Soothing rinses or coating agents may reduce pain, especially before eating. You may apply lidocaine to the gums for severe pain. You may be asked to visit a dentist or dental hygienist to have your teeth professionally cleaned and to have the plaque removed, once your gums feel less tender. You may need frequent dental cleanin...
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