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Alternative Names Candidiasis - oral; Oral thrush; Fungal infection - mouth; Candide - oral Prevention If you have frequent outbreaks of thrush, your doctor may recommend taking antifungal medication on a regular basis to avoid recurrent infections. If an infant with thrush is breastfeeding, talk to your doctor about ways to prevent future infections, such as an antifungal medication. Sterilize or discard any pacifiers. For bottle-fed babies with thrush, discard the nipples and buy new ones as the baby's mouth begins to clear. To prevent spread of HIV infection, follow safe sex practices and universal precautions when working with blood products. References Kauffman CA. Candidiasis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders; 2007:chap 359.
Affecting an estimated 4 1/2 million people in the United States, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is expected to become a growing medical, social, and economic concern as our elderly population expands. It is expected that AD will exert an increasing burden on all aspects of society as the number of patients affected by AD will only continue to increase. The most common cause of dementia, an effective cure for AD remains elusive. Current treatments are limited to improving symptoms, yet lack the ability to stop disease progression. Several cholinesterase inhibitors are available, which improve cognitive function by improving communication between surviving brain cells. These include Aricept (donepezil), Exelon (rivastigmine) and Reminyl (galantamine). Another medication, memantine, also improves cognitive function and may also have some protective effect. Nonetheless, patients treated with any of these medications eventually exhibit relentless decline in function. Developme...
Mouth ulcers are sores or open lesions in the mouth.
See also: Canker sores
Oral ulcer; Stomatitis - ulcerative; Ulcer - mouth
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Mouth ulcers are caused by many disorders. These include:
Herpes simplex ( fever blister )
Oral lichen planus
The skin lesion of histoplasmosis may also appear as a mouth ulcer.
You should know
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