Affecting an estimated 4 1/2 million people in the United States, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is expected to become a growing medical, social, and economic concern as our elderly population expands. It is expected that AD will exert an increasing burden on all aspects of society as the number of patients affected by AD will only continue to increase. The most common cause of dementia, an effective cure for AD remains elusive. Current treatments are limited to improving symptoms, yet lack the ability to stop disease progression. Several cholinesterase inhibitors are available, which improve cognitive function by improving communication between surviving brain cells. These include Aricept (donepezil), Exelon (rivastigmine) and Reminyl (galantamine). Another medication, memantine, also improves cognitive function and may also have some protective effect. Nonetheless, patients treated with any of these medications eventually exhibit relentless decline in function. Developme...
Mouth ulcers are sores or open lesions in the mouth.
See also: Canker sores
Oral ulcer; Stomatitis - ulcerative; Ulcer - mouth
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Mouth ulcers are caused by many disorders. These include:
Herpes simplex ( fever blister )
Oral lichen planus
The skin lesion of histoplasmosis may also appear as a mouth ulcer.
Alternative Names Vincent's stomatitis; Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Treatment The goals of treatment are to cure the infection and relieve symptoms. Your health care provider may prescribe antibiotics if you have a fever. Good oral hygiene is vital to the treatment of trench mouth. Brush and floss your teeth thoroughly as often as possible, at least twice a day and preferably after each meal and at bedtime. Salt water rinses (1/2 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of water) may soothe sore gums. Hydrogen peroxide, used to rinse the gums, is often recommended to remove dead or dying gum tissue. Over-the-counter pain relievers (analgesics) may reduce your discomfort. Soothing rinses or coating agents may reduce pain, especially before eating. You may apply lidocaine to the gums for severe pain. You may be asked to visit a dentist or dental hygienist to have your teeth professionally cleaned and to have the plaque removed, once your gums feel less tender. You may need frequent dental cleanin...
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