Alternative Names Candidiasis - oral; Oral thrush; Fungal infection - mouth; Candide - oral Prevention If you have frequent outbreaks of thrush, your doctor may recommend taking antifungal medication on a regular basis to avoid recurrent infections. If an infant with thrush is breastfeeding, talk to your doctor about ways to prevent future infections, such as an antifungal medication. Sterilize or discard any pacifiers. For bottle-fed babies with thrush, discard the nipples and buy new ones as the baby's mouth begins to clear. To prevent spread of HIV infection, follow safe sex practices and universal precautions when working with blood products. References Kauffman CA. Candidiasis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders; 2007:chap 359.
Mouth ulcers are sores or open lesions in the mouth.
See also: Canker sores
Oral ulcer; Stomatitis - ulcerative; Ulcer - mouth
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Mouth ulcers are caused by many disorders. These include:
Herpes simplex ( fever blister )
Oral lichen planus
The skin lesion of histoplasmosis may also appear as a mouth ulcer.
<p><strong>What Is Dry Mouth?</strong></p>
<p>Dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, is abnormal dryness of the mucous membranes in the mouth, due to a reduction of the flow or change in the composition of saliva. It can occur as a symptom of many possible underlying disorders or as a side effect of certain medications. Dry mouth is not a serious medical problem in itself, but it may contribute to poor nutrition, psychological discomfort, mouth infections, and tooth decay, and eventual tooth loss in extreme cases if left untreated. Medical care is aimed at relieving symptoms and treating the underlying disorder.</p>
<p><strong>Who Gets Dry Mouth?</strong></p>
<p>Dry mouth is a common problem that occurs most frequently among older people—not because it is a normal part of aging, but because the elderly take more medications than younger age groups, and a number of these drugs ca...
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