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In the early 20th century, Swedish physician Henrik Sjögren (SHOW-gren) first described a group of women whose chronic arthritis was accompanied by dry eyes and dry mouth. Sjögren's syndrome (SS) can develop on its own (called “primary SS”) or as a complication of another autoimmune disorder (called “secondary SS”), most often lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms vary in type and intensity, and serious complications are rare.
Sjögren's syndrome is an inflammatory disease with unknown cause that can affect many different parts of the body, but most often affects the tear and saliva glands. Patients with this condition may notice irritation, a gritty feeling, or painful burning in the eyes. Dry mouth or difficulty eating dry foods, and swelling of the glands around the face and neck. Some patients experience dryness of other mucous membranes (such as the nasal passages, throat, and vagina) and skin.
Most of the complica...
Affecting an estimated 4 1/2 million people in the United States, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is expected to become a growing medical, social, and economic concern as our elderly population expands. It is expected that AD will exert an increasing burden on all aspects of society as the number of patients affected by AD will only continue to increase. The most common cause of dementia, an effective cure for AD remains elusive. Current treatments are limited to improving symptoms, yet lack the ability to stop disease progression. Several cholinesterase inhibitors are available, which improve cognitive function by improving communication between surviving brain cells. These include Aricept (donepezil), Exelon (rivastigmine) and Reminyl (galantamine). Another medication, memantine, also improves cognitive function and may also have some protective effect. Nonetheless, patients treated with any of these medications eventually exhibit relentless decline in function. Developme...
What do gray hair and vitiligo have in common? Researchers previously determined that both gray hair and vitiligo are caused by a build-up of hydrogen peroxide on hair follicles causes our hair to bleach itself, creating gray hair. A recent study found a way to reverse this and possibly allow millions of people to say good-bye to chemically changing the color of their hair to cover the gray. What’s more, the treatment works to improve or reverse vitiligo as well.
Vitiligo is a skin condition which causes patches of skin to lose its color. Vitiligo is most often seen on the skin but can occur anywhere on the body where there is pigment – including your skin, hair, mouth and eyes. It causes patches of lighter skin. Some people may have only a few, small patches while others may have more extensive patches.
While it is not dangerous or contagious, it can cause problems with self-image and self-esteem. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, &ldqu...
You should know
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