My new book, NOT JUST UP AND DOWN, heavily relies on four old-school authorities. Indeed, their work forms the conceptual core of my book. With one or two exceptions, in comparison, the newer kids on the block come across as mere second-raters. This is because, as eminent schizophrenia researcher Nancy Andreasen explains in a 2007 journal article, there has been "a steady decline in the teaching of careful clinical evaluation ..."
In her piece, Dr Andreasen mourns the loss of observational wisdom, what she calls “phenomenology,” a tradition that began with the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century but that you can trace back to ancient Greece. As I say in my book:
These were your natural philosophers who operated with only minimal aid of scientific instruments, but who compensated with an insanely obsessional eye to detail.
If you're something of a bipolar nerd, three of these keepers of the observational wisdom people are probably well-known to you: Hagop Akiskal, Frederick Goodwin, and Jules Angst. These are men well past retirement age, who trace their lineage to the master observer, Emil Kraepelin, author of the 1921 classic, Manic-Depressive Insanity.
But there is a fourth you need to know about, who died in 2013, a Greek psychiatrist based in Rome, Athanasios Koukopoulos. Once, he reminded a younger psychiatrist that Hippocrat