On a daily basis, patients ask, “Doctor what are the symptoms of prostate cancer?” When I tell them that most cases of prostate cancer do not include symptoms , the patients are very surprised.
Prostate cancer presently is diagnosed in the early stages. These early cases of prostate cancer are usually diagnosed via a combination of PSA testing , digital rectal examination and a prostate biopsy that will confirm the presence of the disease. Since the advent of routine testing in the 1980s, there has been a stage migration of prostate cancer. Prior to PSA testing, many more cases of high grade disease were found, however the blood testing that has been included in the routine evaluation of men over 50 has led to most cases being diagnosed in the early asymptomatic stages.
Advanced cases of prostate cancer can be associated with assorted symptoms. As the tumor begins to grow, patients can experience lower urinary tracts symptoms that can include ...
Symptoms Prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms in the early stages. As the malignancy spreads, it may constrict the urethra and cause urinary problems. Urine flows from the kidney through the ureters into the urinary bladder where it is temporarily stored. As the bladder becomes distended with urine, nerve impulses from the bladder signal the brain that it is full, giving the individual the urge to void. By voluntarily relaxing the sphincter muscle around the urethra, the bladder can be emptied of urine. Urine then flows out through the urethra. Later Stage Urinary Symptoms Later-stage urinary symptoms may include: Weak urinary stream Inability to urinate Blood in the urine Interruption of urinary stream (stopping and starting) Frequent urination (especially at night) Pain or burning during urination Although advanced prostate cancer can cause these symptoms, they are more commonly caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia and other non-cancerous conditions. Late Stage General Symptoms Significa...
My father's case of prostate cancer was discovered by chance: he exhibited no initial symptoms. This is fairly typical in older men, since prostate cancer often grows slowly and causes no problems until it is quite advanced. Regardless, it STILL is a form of carcinoma and there are some more aggresssive forms that can spread rapidly.
The prostate itself is a walnut-shaped gland that encompasses the male urethra and it produces seminal fluid which nourishes and transports sperm for reproduction. A proliferation in cancer cells can affect sperm production, urinary functionings, and erectile abilities.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Knowing the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer--if any are exhibited--can help to determine the course(s) of action and eventual treatment(s.)
As mentioned above, symptoms may not be noticeable until the cancer is more advanced, although more aggressive forms may reveal signs quite soon. Some of the common signs of prostate cancer include:
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