Alternative Names Varicosity; Varicosis Symptoms Fullness, heaviness, aching, and sometimes pain in the legs Visible, enlarged veins Mild swelling of ankles Brown discoloration of the skin at the ankles Skin ulcers near the ankle (this is more often seen in severe cases) Signs and tests The diagnosis is mainly based on the appearance of the leg veins when you are standing or seated with the legs dangling. At times a physician may order a duplex ultrasound exam of the extremity to see blood flow in the veins, and to rule out other disorders of the legs (such as a blood clot). Rarely, an angiogram of the legs may be performed to rule out other disorders.
Alternative Names Budd-Chiari syndrome; Hepatic veno-occlusive disease Symptoms Abdominal swelling or stretching Pain in the right upper abdomen Vomiting blood Yellowing of the skin (jaundice) Signs and tests One of the signs is swelling of the abdomen from fluid buildup ( ascites ). The liver is often swollen and tender. Tests include: CT scan or MRI of the abdomen Doppler ultrasound of the liver veins Liver biopsy Liver function tests Ultrasound of the liver
Q. I have this scaly rash right around my nipple. That couldn’t be a sign of cancer, could it? A. Yes, it could. Or it could be a plain old rash. But any time your nipple changes, it’s worth a call to the doctor. Changes might include the following; • A nipple that’s suddenly inverted (pulled in, rather than sticking out); • A change in the shape of your nipple; • A spontaneous discharge (i.e., you don’t have to squeeze your breast for it to appear), other than milk. Special signs to watch for include the discharge coming from only one breast; if it’s tinged with blood; or if it’s clear and sticky. In addition, a rare form of breast cancer, Paget’s disease, starts with a red, scaly, itchy rash, over and around the nipple and areola. It may scab over; it looks a lot like eczema, and is often misdiagnosed. Have it checked; your doctor may decide it’s eczema, and treat it with a rub-on cream. If that works, ...
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