Article last updated on March 31, 2014 Background Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a relatively rare type of breast cancer that grows in the lymph vessels of the skin of the breast. Because it usually doesn’t form an easy-to-find lump and because it tends to spread rapidly, IBC is the most deadly form of breast cancer. Because the cancer is in the lymphatic system at the time of diagnosis, IBC is considered a Stage IIIB cancer unless it has already spread to other organs, which would make it a Stage IV cancer for those patients. The median age of IBC patients is about 57, compared to over 62 years old for other breast cancers, but much younger women often get IBC. Statistics for IBC vary, but in North America, IBC accounts for about 1% to 5% of all breast cancers. The IBC rate for women of African descent may be as high as 10%. For a long time, doctors considered IBC to be regular breast cancer cells that were more dangerous because they were in the lymph system. Recent research...
When people talk about fibromyalgia, they sometimes use the terms tender points and trigger points interchangeably. In actuality, they have quite different meanings. All accurately diagnosed FM patients have tender points; some may also have trigger points. Tender Points Tender points are used to help diagnosis fibromyalgia. They are extremely sensitive spots on the body that elicit pain when four kilograms (or about 10 lbs.) of pressure are applied. There are 18 specific tender points located at nine bilateral locations. Tender points occur on both the right and left sides of the body at these nine locations: Occiput: bilateral, at the suboccipital muscle insertions. (Where the neck muscles attach at the base of the skull) Low cervical: bilateral, at the anterior aspects of the intertransverse spaces at C5-C7. (Front lower neck) Trapezius: bilateral, at the midpoint of the upper border. (Midway between the neck and shoulder) Supraspinatus: bilateral, at origins, above t...
This is fibromyalgia (FM) awareness month, so it is only fitting that we clear up some confusion between tender points and trigger points. Knowing the difference can affect your diagnosis and treatment.
What are Tender Points?
Tender points are specific areas of tenderness, which have been mapped out on the “Tender Point Model.” The tender point model became part of the American College of Rheumatology criteria in 1990 after its development for a fibromyalgia study.
Characteristics of Tender Points
The examiner cannot feel them.
They cause local pain when pressed.
They are no longer restricted to points on the tender point model.
Though often found around joints.
They are not related to joint disease or joint pain.
They do not cause deep pain.
They are not related to muscle pain.
Tenderness is due to an upset in the central nervous system, called centralization.
Finding Pause for the Use of the Tender Point Model
Those who treat ...
You should knowAnswers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.