Alternative Names Varicosity; Varicosis Symptoms Fullness, heaviness, aching, and sometimes pain in the legs Visible, enlarged veins Mild swelling of ankles Brown discoloration of the skin at the ankles Skin ulcers near the ankle (this is more often seen in severe cases) Signs and tests The diagnosis is mainly based on the appearance of the leg veins when you are standing or seated with the legs dangling. At times a physician may order a duplex ultrasound exam of the extremity to see blood flow in the veins, and to rule out other disorders of the legs (such as a blood clot). Rarely, an angiogram of the legs may be performed to rule out other disorders.
Article last updated on March 31, 2014 Background Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a relatively rare type of breast cancer that grows in the lymph vessels of the skin of the breast. Because it usually doesn’t form an easy-to-find lump and because it tends to spread rapidly, IBC is the most deadly form of breast cancer. Because the cancer is in the lymphatic system at the time of diagnosis, IBC is considered a Stage IIIB cancer unless it has already spread to other organs, which would make it a Stage IV cancer for those patients. The median age of IBC patients is about 57, compared to over 62 years old for other breast cancers, but much younger women often get IBC. Statistics for IBC vary, but in North America, IBC accounts for about 1% to 5% of all breast cancers. The IBC rate for women of African descent may be as high as 10%. For a long time, doctors considered IBC to be regular breast cancer cells that were more dangerous because they were in the lymph system. Recent research...
This is fibromyalgia (FM) awareness month, so it is only fitting that we clear up some confusion between tender points and trigger points. Knowing the difference can affect your diagnosis and treatment.
What are Tender Points?
Tender points are specific areas of tenderness, which have been mapped out on the “Tender Point Model.” The tender point model became part of the American College of Rheumatology criteria in 1990 after its development for a fibromyalgia study.
Characteristics of Tender Points
The examiner cannot feel them.
They cause local pain when pressed.
They are no longer restricted to points on the tender point model.
Though often found around joints.
They are not related to joint disease or joint pain.
They do not cause deep pain.
They are not related to muscle pain.
Tenderness is due to an upset in the central nervous system, called centralization.
Finding Pause for the Use of the Tender Point Model
Those who treat ...
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