Definition Swollen gums are abnormally enlarged, bulging, or protruding. Alternative Names Swollen gums; Gingival swelling Considerations Gum swelling is quite common and may involve one or many of the triangular-shaped bits of gum between nearby teeth. These sections are called papillae. Occasionally, the gums swell significantly, blocking the teeth completely. Common Causes Gingivitis Infection by a virus or fungus Malnutrition Poorly fitting dentures Pregnancy Sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash Scurvy Side effect of a drug such as Dilantin or phenobarbital
When skin cancer spreads from the original location to other areas in your body, it travels through the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are located throughout your body and work to help fight infections and filter out toxins from your bloodstream. When cancer reaches the lymph nodes, it can grow there, causing the cancer to be spread to other areas in your body. Because of this, doctors often perform a lymph node biopsy on the lymph nodes closest to the cancer. If cancer is found, those lymph nodes are removed .
Lymphoseek is a radioactive substance that is injected into the original tumor site. It is manufactured by Navidea Biopharmaceuticals. Once it is injected, hand-held gamma counter can be used to determine if the substance has traveled to the lymph nodes. This allows doctors to accurately determine if lymph nodes, and which ones, need to be removed. In 2013, Lymphoseek was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be used for melanoma and breast cancer. In...
Skin cancer sometimes spreads to other areas of the body, often the lymph nodes. Your lymph nodes are located throughout your body and work to fight infection and filter out toxins from the bloodstream but sometimes cancer cells begin growing in the lymph nodes.
When skin cancer is diagnosed, your doctor may recommend testing to determine whether your lymph nodes are affected . This is done through a biopsy or diagnostic tools such as a CT scan. If the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, your doctor may recommend a lymph node dissection.
During a lymph node dissection, your doctor removes the lymph nodes closest to the primary cancer site – for example, if skin cancer is detected on your arm, the lymph nodes in your armpit on the side of your body the cancer is found will be removed. Lymph nodes are not removed individually, instead an area of tissue surrounding the lymph nodes is removed. Once removed, a pathologist examines the tissue, looks for cancer cells and...
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