<p><strong>What Is Bursitis? </strong></p>
<p>Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa—one of the small, fluid-filled sacs located near joints and bony prominences throughout the body. The bursae (plural form) act as cushions between muscles and tendons and between muscles and bones. They produce a lubricating fluid to minimize friction at these sites, thus facilitating joint movement. Irritation, overuse, infection, or injury can inflame a bursa, resulting in painful bursitis.</p>
<p>Shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, heels, and the base of the big toe are among the sites most often affected. Bursitis is so common that it has acquired a number of familiar names, including “student’s elbow” and “housemaid’s knee.”</p>
<p>Bursitis can come on suddenly and resolve quickly, or it can become chronic and increasingly debilitating. The condition can be classified according ...
Q. I definitely want to avoid lymphedema. Is there anything I can do to ward it off, or is lymphedema totally random? A. The very best thing you can do to help prevent lymphedema is to make sure you get full range of motion back in your arm, whether after surgery or radiation. Favoring the arm on your affected side, hunching your shoulder protectively, being too stiff to stretch your arm up over your head and around towards your back–these are all things that will make it easier for lymphedema to gain a foothold. I have a friend who’s a physical therapist specializing in lymphedema treatment. In fact, we became close as she gave me daily massages to relieve my own swollen arm. (Just as getting a tummy tuck is the silver lining of a tram flap reconstruction, a daily massage is the big plus of having lymphedema!) This friend says that women who’ve had surgery, particularly a mastectomy with lymph node removal (even if just a single node) need physical thera...
Biopsy - lymph nodes; Open lymph node biopsy; Fine needle aspiration biopsy; Sentinel lymph node biopsy
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Clinical practice guideline for melanoma: NCCN Medical Practice Guidelines and Oncology; V.2.2010. Available online.
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