A breast lump is a swelling, protuberance, or lump in the breast.
Normal breast tissue is present in both males and females of all ages. This tissue responds to hormonal changes and, therefore, certain lumps can come and go.
Breast lumps may appear at all ages:
Infants may have breast lumps related to estrogen from the mother. The lump generally goes away on its own as the estrogen clears from the baby's body. It can happen to boys and girls.
Young girls often develop "breast buds" that appear just before the beginning of puberty. These bumps may be tender. They are common around age 9, but may happen as early as age 6.
Teenage boys may develop breast enlargement and lumps because of hormonal changes in mid-puberty. Although this may distress the teen, the lumps or enlargement generally go away on their own over a period of months.
Breast lumps in an adult woman raise concer...
To avoid fibrocystic changes in your breast tissue, avoid excessive fat and caffeine in your diet.
Most cases of breast cancer cannot be prevented. However, early detection and prompt treatment are important. All women should receive routine breast exams from a doctor and routine mammograms, as recommended.
All women over the age of 40 should also perform breast self-exams every month, preferably at the end of their menstrual period when the breasts are less tender and less swollen. Women who are breastfeeding should examine their breasts after completing a feeding.
In: Abeloff MD, Armitage JO, Niederhuber JE, Kastan MB, McKena WG, eds. Clinical Oncology . 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 95
Whitman GJ. Ultrasound-guided breast biopsies. Ultrasound Clin. Dec 2006; 1(4); 603-615.
New research gives another reason for people with rheumatoid arthritis to be extra careful about their weight. People often think that increasing weight also increases a person’s bone mass to support that weight. But a new study from the University of Missouri-Kansas has found just the opposite, that increasing body fat mass decreases bone mass , and is not good for bone health. The researchers suggest that interventions or treatments to reduce obesity may help increase bone mass and thus protect against osteoporosis . The researchers studied used 6,400 healthy adults as subjects studying the relationship between obesity and osteoporosis, found that fat mass was negatively associated with bone mass. That means that greater fat mass equals lower bone mass. There are also other risk factors for osteoporosis and decreasing bone mass that people with RA need to keep in mind. First, some drugs, like glucocorticoids such as Prednisone , can decrease bone...
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