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Definition Breast lump removal, called lumpectomy, is surgery to remove a breast cancer or other lump in the breast , along with some surrounding tissue from the breast. This article covers lumpectomy that is done to remove breast cancer. Other reasons to perform a lumpectomy include: Fibroadenoma Other noncancerous tumors of the breast See also: Breast biopsy - open Breast biopsy - stereotactic Breast biopsy - ultrasound (core needle) Mastectomy Alternative Names Lumpectomy; Wide local excision; Breast conservation surgery; Breast sparing surgery; Partial mastectomy Description If the breast cancer can be seen on a mammogram or ultrasound but the doctor cannot feel the cancer on a physical exam, a wire localization will be done before the surgery: A radiologist will use a mammogram or ultrasound to place a needle (or needles) in or near the abnormal breast area. This will help the surgeon know where the cancer is so that it can be removed. Breast lump removal is usually done in an outpatient clinic. ...
Definition Calcification is a process in which calcium builds up in body tissue, causing the tissue to harden. This can be a normal or abnormal process. Information Ninety-nine percent (99%) of calcium entering the body is deposited in bones and teeth. The remaining calcium dissolves in the blood. When a disorder affects the balance between calcium and certain chemicals in the body, calcium can be deposited in other parts of the body such as arteries, kidneys, lungs, and brain. Calcium deposits in these parts of the body can cause problems with how these blood vessels and organs work. Calcifications can usually be seen on x-rays . A common example is calcium depositing in arteries as part of atherosclerosis. See also: Mineral metabolism disorders
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