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You have a rash . It's red and itchy and you aren't sure whether to call your doctor or take a trip to the pharmacy for some over-the-counter cream. Skin rashes come in all shapes and sizes and while they can be common, they can also be scary. When you are suddenly covered with red bumps, blisters or a spreading pinkish, scaly or inflamed patches you wonder if it is the sign of something serious.
The good news is, most rashes disappear on their own within a few days and the itching is often relieved by over-the counter creams, lotions and antihistamines. Talk with your pharmacist if you aren't sure which lotion or cream would work best on your rash.
Common Causes of Rashes
There are many different conditions that may cause a rash and many have distinct characteristics that may help you determine what the underlying cause of the rash is. Some of the common causes include:
Bacterial or fungal infections
Reaction to plants, such as poison...
Definition Porphyrias are a group of rare disorders passed down through families, in which an important part of hemoglobin , called heme, is not made properly. Heme is also found in myoglobin, a protein found in certain muscles. Alternative Names Acute intermittent porphyria; Hereditary coproporphyria; Congenital erythropoietic porphyria; Erythropoietic protoporphyria Causes, incidence, and risk factors Normally, the body makes heme in a multi-step process. Porphyrins are made during several steps of this process. Patients with porphyria have a deficiency of certain enzymes needed for this process. This causes abnormal amounts of porphyrins or related chemicals to build up in the body. There are many different forms of porphyria. The most common type is porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT). Drugs, infection, alcohol, and hormones such as estrogen may trigger attacks of certain types of porphyria.
Definition A rash is a change in the color or texture of the skin. A skin rash can be flat, bumpy, scaly, red, skin-colored, or slightly lighter or darker than skin color. Alternative Names Baby rash; Miliaria; Prickly heat Considerations Most bumps and blotches on a newborn baby are harmless and clear up by themselves. By far the most common skin problem in infants is diaper rash. Diaper rash is an irritation of the skin caused by dampness, urine, or feces. Most babies who wear diapers will have some type of diaper rash. However, there are other skin disorders that can cause rashes. These are usually not serious unless accompanied by other symptoms. Common Causes Diaper rash ( rash in the diaper area) is a skin irritation caused by prolonged dampness and the interaction of urine and feces with the skin. Yeast diaper rash is caused by a type of yeast called candida, which also causes thrush in the mouth. The rash looks different from a regular diaper rash. It is very red, and there are usually ...
You should know
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