Radiation therapy is a highly targeted, highly effective way to destroy cancer cells that may linger after surgery. This reduces the risk of recurrence.
Radiation is usually given after mastectomy in men with:
large cancers (5 centimeters or bigger)
a positive margin of resection (when the cancer comes very close to or is at the edge of the breast tissue removed)
a significant area of lymphatic or blood vessel involvement
significant lymph node involvement (four or more positive nodes)
After mastectomy, radiation therapy is usually given 5 days a week for about 5-7 weeks.
Radiation can also be used for men with advanced (metastatic) disease to relieve symptoms or help avoid complications from specific areas of spread. For example, radiation can help relieve painful bone metastases, decrease the risk of breaking a bone that's been weakened by cancer, decrease bleeding from skin involvement, and reduce neurological symptoms if the cancer puts pressure on nerves or the spinal cord.
Alternative Names Wry neck; Loxia Symptoms Limited range of motion of the head Headache Head tremor Neck pain Shoulder is higher on one side of the body Stiffness of neck muscles Swelling of the neck muscles (possibly present at birth) Signs and tests Various tests or procedures may be done to rule out possible causes of head and neck pain. A physical examination will show a visible shortening of the neck muscles and the head will tilt toward the affected side while the chin points to the opposite side. In more severe cases, the entire head pulls and turns to one side A electromyogram (EMG) may be done in mild cases to see which muscles are most affected.
Shoulder pain is a common malady that becomes more common with age. Most of us go from day to day without giving a thought as to how we use our shoulders. But anyone who has experienced shoulder pain knows just how important the joint is to daily living. Causes and Risk Factors Age is one of the major factors physicians use to classify and diagnose the condition. The sources of shoulder pain are numerous, including falls and other injuries such as rotator cuff injuries , osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis , tendinitis and stiffness resulting from strains , or alternatively, lack of use. Symptoms and Signs Some of the most common conditions and symptoms associated with shoulder pain are: Tissue tears. Injuries and overuse of the shoulder can cause tears in the tendons or cartilage that help hold the joint together. Pain usually serves notice of the tear, but some types of cartilage damage can produce a clicking sound with movement. Weakness in a shoulder, such as an inability to raise one ...
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