Diagnosis Pelvic Exam and Medical History Some fibroids can be felt as lumps during a pelvic exam. During a pelvic exam, the doctor will also check for pregnancy-related conditions and other conditions, such as ovarian cysts. The doctor will also ask you about your medical history, particularly as it relates to menstrual bleeding patterns. Other causes of abnormal uterine bleeding must also be considered. Ultrasound Ultrasound is the standard imaging technique for detecting uterine fibroids. The doctor will order transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasounds. Ultrasound is a painless technique that uses sound waves to image the uterus and ovaries. In transabdominal ultrasound, the ultrasound probe is moved over the abdominal area. In transvaginal ultrasound, the probe is inserted into the vagina. A variation of ultrasound, called hysterosonography, uses ultrasound along with saline (salt water) infused into the uterus to enhance the visualization of the uterus. Hysteroscopy Hysteroscopy is a p...
The authors of this study attempted to find out how many people develop ganglion cysts in their leg. A ganglion cyst forms when fluid builds up inside the lining of a joint. The joint studied by these authors is the upper tibiofibular joint, which sits on the outer edge the knee. It is the upper connecting point of the thin fibula bone that runs down the lower leg next to the larger shin bone, the tibia. Prevalence is the term for how many people in a given place have this condition if we counted today. These researchers found that the prevalence of tibiofibular joint ganglion cysts in patients sent to an orthopedic doctor for a knee MRI is less than one percent. How can these details be found? Doctors who take the time to review MRIs gather this information. In fact, this study is the first to report prevalence of tibiofibular ganglion cysts. Only a few other studies have described the cysts. The authors of this study reviewed 654 knee-MRI scans over a six-month period of time. A tota...
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous (benign) tumors that develop in the uterus (womb), a female reproductive organ.
Leiomyoma; Fibromyoma; Myoma; Fibroids
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Uterine fibroids are the most common pelvic tumor . As many as 1 in 5 women may have fibroids during their childbearing years (the time after starting menstruation for the first time and before menopause).
Fibroids usually affect women over age 30. They are rare in women under 20, and often shrink and cause no symptoms in women who have gone through menopause. They are more common in African Americans than Caucasians.
The cause of uterine fibroid tumors is unknown. However, fibroid growth seems to depend on the hormone estrogen. As long as a woman with fibroids is menstruating, a fibroid will probably continue to grow, usually slowly.
Fibroids can be so tiny that you need a microscope to see them. However, they can grow very large...
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