Perhaps like some of you, my cholesterol was fine and dandy until recently, when my "bad" cholesterol (LDL) started to creep up and then skyrocketed as my body entered full-tilt menopause. I wondered why. I know that SOMETHING will eventually kill me but I really dislike the idea of a heart attack or stroke, and keeping bad cholesterol down (and "good" cholesterol, or HDL, up) has gotten harder and harder as I make my way through this journey called menopause.
Now a study in this month's Journal of American College of Cardiology explains it, sort of. Doctors and researchers have long known that women going through menopause have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attacks. They assumed (and it turns out they were right) that cholesterol was the culprit. Cholesterol is an important factor in your health but too much of it starts to clog your arteries. Cleaning them out is the hardest cleaning job of your life, harder than cleaning the gunk aroun...
Carotid artery surgery is a procedure to restore proper blood flow to the brain.
The carotid artery brings needed blood to your brain and face. You have one of these arteries on each side of your neck. Blood flow in this artery can become partly or totally blocked by fatty material called plaque. Such a blockage can reduce the blood supply to your brain and may cause a stroke.
There are two invasive ways to treat a carotid artery that has plaque buildup in it. This article focuses on a surgery called endarterectomy.
For more information on the other procedure, see: Angioplasty with stent placement .
Carotid endarterectomy; CAS surgery; Carotid artery stenosis - surgery; Endarterectomy - carotid artery
During carotid endarterectomy:
You will probably receive general anesthesia . This will make you unconscious and unable to feel pain. Some hospitals may use local anesthesia instead. Only the part of ...
Complications Heart Disease Atherosclerosis is a common disorder of the arteries. Fat, cholesterol, and other substances collect in the walls of arteries. Larger accumulations are called atheromas or plaque and can damage artery walls and block blood flow. Severely restricted blood flow in the heart muscle leads to symptoms such as chest pain. Unhealthy cholesterol, particularly low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, forms a fatty substance called plaque, which builds up on the arterial walls of the heart. Smaller plaques remain soft, but older, larger plaques tend to develop fibrous caps with calcium deposits.
Click the icon to see an image of the developmental process of atherosclerosis. The long-term result is atherosclerosis , commonly called hardening of the arteries. The heart is endangered in two ways by this process: Eventually these calcified and inelastic arteries become narrower (a condition known as stenosis). As this process continues, blood flow slows and prevents suffici...
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