Okay, you've just found out you have high cholesterol. Now what? Well, you need to know the breakdown of your "lipid panel" in order to decide what changes will be most effective.
The lipid panel includes:
HDL (good) cholesterol
LDL (bad) cholesterol
Triglycerides (or VLDL cholesterol)
Here's the first step to take depending on which number is elevated:
If LDL cholesterol is elevated, reduce saturated and trans fat intake.
If triglycerides are elevated, cut back on sugar and alcohol in your diet.
If HDL cholesterol is low, increase your physical activity.
Cholesterol is a fat (also called a lipid) that your body needs to work properly. Cholesterol levels that are too high can increase your chance of getting heart disease, stroke, and other problems.
The medical term for high blood cholesterol is lipid disorder, or hyperlipidemia.
Lipid disorders; Hyperlipoproteinemia; Hyperlipidemia; Dyslipidemia; Hypercholesterolemia
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are many types of cholesterol. The ones talked about most are:
Total cholesterol - all the cholesterols combined
High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol - often called "good" cholesterol
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol - often called "bad" cholesterol
For most people, abnormal cholesterol levels are the result of an unhealthy lifestyle -- most commonly, eating a diet that is high in fat . Other lifestyle factors are:
Heavy alcohol use
Lack of exercise ...
Alternative Names Triacylglycerol test Normal Values Normal : Less than 150 mg/dL Borderline High : 150 - 199 mg/dL High : 200 - 499 mg/dL Very High : 500 mg/dL or above What abnormal results mean High triglyceride levels may be due to: Cirrhosis Diet low in protein and high in carbohydrates Familial hyperlipoproteinemia (rare) Hypothyroidism Nephrotic syndrome Pancreatitis Poorly controlled diabetes Low triglyceride levels may be due to: Low fat diet Hyperthyroidism Malabsorption syndrome Malnutrition Additional conditions under which the test may be performed: Chylomicronemia syndrome Hyperlipidemia; acquired Familial combined hyperlipidemia Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia Familial hypertriglyceridemia Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (NIDD) Stroke secondary to atherosclerosis
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