How can a high level of triglycerides affect my health if my cholesterol is normal and my LDL and HDL are both low? I presume that you meant that LDL and HDL were both normal . This is more important than the actual triglyceride number (I will actually get to your answer after I get the rest of this off my chest). LDL cholesterol is what we call the "bad" portion of cholesterol that gets modified to become a major constituent of atherosclerosis leading to heart attacks, peripheral vascular disease and strokes. HDL cholesterol is actually the "good" portion of cholesterol and protects us from the "bad" portion. If HDL cholesterol is actually low, it can only be raised by discontinuation of smoking and/or an increase in daily exercise patterns. Doctors and laboratories calculate a risk index based on the LDL and target this number as the goal of our treatment. If you have risk factors for early stroke, heart attack or death, we aim at an LDL cholesterol...
Alternative Names Very low density lipoprotein test References Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. Executive summary of the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA . 2001;285:2486-2497. Implications of recent clinical trials for the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines. Circulation . 2004 Jul 13; 110(2):227-39. Semenkovich CF. Disorders of lipid metabolism. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 217.
Alternative Names Triacylglycerol test Normal Values Normal : Less than 150 mg/dL Borderline High : 150 - 199 mg/dL High : 200 - 499 mg/dL Very High : 500 mg/dL or above What abnormal results mean High triglyceride levels may be due to: Cirrhosis Diet low in protein and high in carbohydrates Familial hyperlipoproteinemia (rare) Hypothyroidism Nephrotic syndrome Pancreatitis Poorly controlled diabetes Low triglyceride levels may be due to: Low fat diet Hyperthyroidism Malabsorption syndrome Malnutrition Additional conditions under which the test may be performed: Chylomicronemia syndrome Hyperlipidemia; acquired Familial combined hyperlipidemia Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia Familial hypertriglyceridemia Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (NIDD) Stroke secondary to atherosclerosis
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